Shirley Anker

Learn More
Williams' syndrome (WS) is a rare, genetically based disorder of cognitive development. Affected individuals show a severe deficit of spatial cognition but a relative sparing of language and face recognition. To examine the possible neural basis of the spatial deficit, we tested a group of WS children, aged 4-14 years, on two measures specific to dorsal(More)
We examine hypotheses for the neural basis of the profile of visual cognition in young children with Williams syndrome (WS). These are:(a)that it is a consequence of anomalies in sensory visual processing,(b)that it is a de.cit of the dorsal relative to the ventral cortical stream,(c)that it reflects de.cit of frontal function, in particular of(More)
This study investigated the relation between sensory visual problems and the severity of visuospatial difficulties in a large group of young children with Williams' syndrome (WS). A questionnaire describing visual and associated problems was completed by the families of 108 children with WS and detailed follow-up assessments were conducted, including(More)
Two infant vision screening programmes on total populations in the Cambridge Health District have been designed to identify manifest strabismus and strabismogenic and amblyogenic refractive errors at 7–9 months of age. The first, completed, programme used the isotropic photorefractor with cycloplegia together with a standard orthoptic examination. The(More)
A modification of the single optotype Sheridan Gardiner test for pre-school children has been used to measure visual crowding. A significant 'crowding effect' has been found in children between the ages of 3 and 6 years with a general decrease in the effect over the pre-school years. The 'crowding' in 5-7 year olds is not significantly greater than that(More)
The functional selectivity of human primary visual cortex (V1) for orientation and motion direction is established by around 3 months of age [1-3], but there have been few studies of the development of extrastriate visual areas that integrate outputs from V1 [4-8]. We investigated sensitivity and topographical organization for global form and motion with(More)
OBJECTIVES To test two measures of visual cortical function in the first year of life as early markers of functionally significant brain damage in infants born preterm: orientation-reversal visual event-related potentials (OR-VERP) and a behavioural test of cortically controlled visual attention-fixation shifts under competition (FS). Also to examine how(More)
Rapid emmetropization is described in pediatrically normal infants from 9 months of age during the following year. The infants, obtained from various categories of the Cambridge population screening program, provided a broad range of refractive errors. The large group of 254 nonanisometropic infants studied allowed the mean rate of change and dependence on(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the age of onset of the pattern orientation reversal visual evoked potential (OR-VEP) in a group of very low birthweight (VLBW) premature infants with term infants matched for postconceptual age at testing. The OR-VEP measure is used as an indicator of visual cortical functioning because of the specificity of cortical neurones in(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing literature suggesting that some children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can show a significant bias in attention away from left space. Here we examine mechanisms that may underpin these effects in both clinical and non-clinical child populations. Unilateral spatial inattention (unilateral neglect)(More)