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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) inhibit T-cell activation and proliferation but their effects on individual T-cell-effector pathways and on memory versus naïve T cells remain unclear. MSC influence on the differentiation of naïve and memory CD4(+) T cells toward the Th17 phenotype was examined. CD4(+) T cells exposed to Th17-skewing conditions exhibited(More)
A 55-kDa outer membrane protein of Porphyromonas gingivalis W50 is a significant target of the serum immunoglobulin G antibody response of periodontal disease patients and hence may play an important role in host-bacterium interactions in periodontal disease. The gene encoding the 55-kDa antigen (ragB, for receptor antigen B) was isolated on a 9.5-kb(More)
Previous studies in our laboratories of the serum IgG antibody response of periodontal patients have demonstrated the presence of an immunodominant surface antigen (Mr 55 kDa) in the outer membrane of Porphyromonas gingivalis W50. Genetic analysis of this antigen revealed that the corresponding gene forms part of a small operon which may have arisen via(More)
The rag locus of Porphyromonas gingivalis encodes a putative TonB-dependent outer membrane receptor, RagA, and a 55-kDa immunodominant antigen, RagB. Inactivation of either ragA or ragB prevented expression of both RagA and RagB. Both the ragA and ragB mutants were significantly less virulent than wild-type strains in a murine model of infection.
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a gram-negative, black-pigmented anaerobe that has been associated with advanced periodontal disease. The genome of P. gingivalis has the potential to produce a number of virulence determinants including proteases, hemagglutinins, hemolysin, invasion-associated proteins, and products of the pathogenicity island ragAB; however,(More)
Urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) are released by cells throughout the nephron and contain biomolecules from their cells of origin. Although uEV-associated proteins and RNA have been studied in detail, little information exists regarding uEV glycosylation characteristics. Surface glycosylation profiling by flow cytometry and lectin microarray was(More)
Conventionally cultured mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (mBM-MSC) are a heterogeneous population that often initially contain contaminating haematopoietic cells. Variability in isolation methods, culture protocols and the lack of specific mBM MSC markers might explain this heterogeneity. The aim of this study is to optimise the isolation,(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) suppress T helper (Th)17 cell differentiation and are being clinically pursued for conditions associated with aberrant Th17 responses. Whether such immunomodulatory effects are enhanced by coadministration of MSCs with other agents is not well known. In the present study, individual and combined effects of MSCs and the vitamin(More)
This study aims at generating immune chicken phage display libraries and single-chain antibodies (scFvs) specifically directed against cell surface markers of cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) that contain endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). In contrast to previous approaches that use well-defined recombinant antigens attached to plastic(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells are multipotent cells capable of differentiating into different mesodermal cell types. Enigmatically, mesenchymal stromal cells present in the bone marrow support early lymphopoiesis yet can inhibit mature lymphocyte growth. Critical features of the bone marrow microenvironment, such as the level of oxygen, play an(More)