Learn More
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), which couple glutamate to second messengers, have important roles in the regulation of movement by the basal ganglia. We used two polyclonal antisera to mGluR1a and mGluR2/3 and confocal laser microscopy to investigate the localization of these receptors in the basal ganglia of the rat. The mGluRs were visualized(More)
Stroke patients suffer from severe impairments and significant effort is under way to develop therapies to improve functional recovery. Stem cells provide a promising form of therapy to replace neuronal circuits lost to injury. Indeed, previous studies have shown that a variety of stem cell types can provide some functional recovery in animal models of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Current strategies to ameliorate cardiac ischaemic and reperfusion damage, including block of the sodium-hydrogen exchanger, are therapeutically ineffective. Here we propose a different approach, block of the persistent sodium current (INaP). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Left ventricular pressure was measured as an index of functional(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors in the substantia nigra pars compacta regulate the activity of dopamine neurons. We have used dual-label immunofluoresence and confocal laser microscopy to study the localization of subunits of two types of ionotropic receptors within the substantia nigra pars compacta of the rat. Immunostaining for N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)
Rats treated systemically with kainate develop stereotyped epileptic seizures involving mainly limbic structures that may last for hours. This model of limbic status epilepticus has been widely studied using classical neuropathological techniques. We used in situ nick translation histochemistry to examine patterns of DNA fragmentation in this model. We(More)
Small fiber bundles from the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle were transplanted into the hamster cheek pouch to observe the process of revascularization. We tested the hypothesis that blood vessels of a graft degenerate and that revascularization results from the ingrowth of blood vessels from the cheek pouch into the graft. Degeneration and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), an unconventional and diffusible neurotransmitter, is synthesized by nitric oxide synthase (NOS). NMDA glutamate receptors are potent regulators of NO synthesis. We have used dual-label immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy to examine forebrain neurons in the rat that contain high levels of neuronal NOS (nNOS) for the presence of the(More)
BACKGROUND This study aims to investigate the role of the inflammatory response following optic nerve crush (ONC) in knockout mice for the toll-like receptor-4 gene (TLR4-/-) compared to wild-type (WT) mice. METHODS ONC was induced in TLR4-/- and C57BL6 WT mice. Histological sections of the retina and optic nerve were analysed on days 1, 3 or 21 after(More)
13084 Background: Miltefosine (M) has been shown to be synergistic with gemcitabine (G) in vitro (Georgieva Cancer Letters 182: 163-174, 2002). Perifosine (P) is a derivative of M with less GI toxicity. METHODS Twenty-two patients (pts) were enrolled on a phase 1 study to determine if G could be given at a dose of 1000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy and knockout of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on the outcome of temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in a mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS MCAO was induced in anesthetized male C57Bl/6 mice (WT) and TLR4 knockout mice (TLR4(-/-)) using an intra-arterial filament method. After(More)