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G-protein-gated K+ (KG) channels generate slow inhibitory postsynaptic potentials in the brain. Current opinion suggests that neuronal KG channels are heterotetramers of Kir3.1 and Kir3.2. In substantia nigra (SN), however, mRNA of Kir3.1 does not express, whereas that of Kir3.2 clearly does. Therefore, we have characterized the KG channels containing(More)
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like immunoreactivity (LI) was found within Lewy body-like inclusions (LBIs) in the spinal cords of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by using an antibody to human Cu/ZnSOD. LBIs were detected in the anterior horn cells in 10 of 20 patients with sporadic ALS. In each of these patients, 7 to 60% of(More)
A topographical immunocytochemical analysis was performed on the substantia nigra from patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and striatonigral degeneration. Antibodies to tyrosine hydroxylase, a marker for nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, and to calcineurin, a marker for striatonigral projection fibers, were used in this study. There was a marked(More)
The purpose of the present study was to characterize the effect of a local GABAergic inhibitory mechanism on the mechanical receptive field properties of trigeminal spinal nucleus caudalis (SpVc) neurons by iontophoretic application of a gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABA(A))-antagonist and -agonist. A total of 24 SpVc neurons that responded to orofacial(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of gefitinib ('IRESSA') in Japanese patients with previously untreated stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This was a multi-institutional phase II study. Thirty-four patients with previously untreated stage IV NSCLC were enrolled between May 2003 and September 2004. Gefitinib was(More)
Mad2 is a component of the spindle checkpoint, which delays the onset of anaphase until all chromosomes are attached to the spindle. Mad2 formed a complex with Slp1, a WD (tryptophan-aspartic acid)-repeat protein essential for the onset of anaphase. When the physical interaction between the two proteins was disrupted, the spindle checkpoint was no longer(More)
The finite element method (FEM), an advanced method of computer simulation, is used to examine biomechanical studies of hydrocephalus. Biot's theory of consolidation, which describes the mechanical behavior of a porous medium containing viscous fluid, is applied to represent the coupled behavior of tissue and fluid in the hydrocephalic brain. A computer(More)
This report concerns immunocytochemical and ultrastructural studies on the basophilic inclusions in two cases of sporadic juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The inclusion had a globular, irregular-shaped, or sometimes fragmented appearance. Ultra-structurally, the inclusions consisted mainly of thick filamentous structures associated with(More)
The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the convergence of inputs from masseter muscle (MM) and tooth pulp (TP) onto C1 spinal neurons and to determine whether the afferent fibers express the functional vanilloid receptor (VR1). Extracellular single-unit recordings were made from 61 C1 units responding to TP electrical stimulation with a constant(More)
We have isolated a novel variant form of GIRK2, designated GIRK2B, from mouse brain cDNA library. GIRK2B was much shorter than the first type of GIRK2 (GIRK2A), but its amino acid sequence was identical to the corresponding part of GIRK2A except the C-terminal eight amino acid residues. When GIRK2B cRNA was co-injected with GIRK1 and m2-receptor cRNAs to(More)