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Krill are filter feeders that consume algae, plankton and detritus, indicating that krill possess an adequate cellulose digesting system. However, less is known about the enzymatic properties of crustacean cellulases compared to termite cellulases. In the present study, 48 kDa-cellulase was highly purified from krill (Euphausia pacifica) in an effort to(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4) is a crucial growth factor for the development of mammalian embryos. We previously produced hexahistidine-tagged, bovine and porcine FGF4 (Pro(32) to Leu(206) ) proteins without a secretory signal peptide at the aminoterminus in Escherichia coli. Here, we found that these were unstable; site-specific cleavage between(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4) is considered as a crucial gene for tumorigenesis in humans and the development of mammalian embryos. The secreted, mature form of human FGF4 is thought to be comprised of 175 amino acid residues (proline(32) to leucine(206), Pro(32)-Leu(206)). Here, we found that bacterially expressed, 6× histidine (His)-tagged human FGF4(More)
In mice, fibroblast growth factor 4 (Fgf4) is a crucial gene for the generation of trophectoderm, progenitor cells of the placenta. Therefore, exogenous FGF4 promotes the isolation and maintenance of trophoblast stem cells from preimplantation embryos. We previously produced a 6× histidine (His)-tagged, mouse FGF4 (Pro(31)-Leu(202)) without a secretory(More)
We previously reported that transcripts encoding the homeoprotein EGAM1N are expressed in preimplantation mouse embryos and embryonic stem (ES) cells, and the exogenous expression of EGAM1N inhibits the differentiation of ES cells. In order to clarify the relationship between the inhibition of differentiation and EGAM1N, we generated mouse MG1.19 ES cells(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa is frequently isolated from chronic wounds and causes serious infection in immunocompromised hosts. N-(3-Oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C12-HSL) is synthesized by an autoinducer synthase encoded by the bacterial lasI gene in P. aeruginosa, which regulates the production of virulence factors and biofilm formation(More)
Knockdown of gene expression by antisense morpholino oligos (MOs) is a simple and effective method for analyzing the roles of genes in mammalian cells. Here, we demonstrate the efficient delivery of MOs by Endo-Porter (EP), a special transfection reagent for MOs, into preimplantation mouse embryos cultured in vitro. A fluorescein-labeled control MO was(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have been considered as a valuable renewable source of materials in regenerative medicine. Recently, we identified the homeoprotein EGAM1 both in preimplantation mouse embryos and mouse ES cells. Expression of the Egam1 transcript and its encoded protein was detectable in differentiating mouse ES cells, while it was almost(More)
Recent in vivo studies have demonstrated involvement of the histamine H4 receptor in pruritus and skin inflammation. We previously reported that an H4 receptor antagonist attenuated scratching behaviour and improved skin lesions in an experimental model of atopic dermatitis. We also reported the expression of the H4 receptor in human epidermal tissues. In(More)
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