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The complete nucleotide sequence of the genome of a symbiotic bacterium Mesorhizobium loti strain MAFF303099 was determined. The genome of M. loti consisted of a single chromosome (7,036,071 bp) and two plasmids, designated as pMLa (351,911 bp) and pMLb (208, 315 bp). The chromosome comprises 6752 potential protein-coding genes, two sets of rRNA genes and(More)
The genome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana has been sequenced by an international collaboration, The Arabidopsis Genome Initiative. Here we report the complete sequence of chromosome 5. This chromosome is 26 megabases long; it is the second largest Arabidopsis chromosome and represents 21% of the sequenced regions of the genome. The sequence of(More)
The ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project aims to identify all functional elements in the human genome sequence. The pilot phase of the Project is focused on a specified 30 megabases (È1%) of the human genome sequence and is organized as an international consortium of computational and laboratory-based scientists working to develop and apply(More)
We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kiloton-year (535-day) exposure of the Super{Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent decit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino ux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana is an important model system for plant biologists. In 1996 an international collaboration (the Arabidopsis Genome Initiative) was formed to sequence the whole genome of Arabidopsis and in 1999 the sequence of the first two chromosomes was reported. The sequence of the last three chromosomes and an analysis of the whole genome are(More)
Hippocampal CA1 neurons are particularly sensitive to ischemic damage, such as experienced following cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In recent years transient receptor potential M2 (TRPM2) channels have been identified as mediators of ischemic damage. We previously demonstrated that neuroprotective strategies targeting TRPM2 channels(More)
1. We investigated the effects of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase, on the performance of rats in a radial arm maze and in habituation tasks, and on monoamine metabolism in the brain. 2. Daily administration of L-NAME (10-60 mg kg-1) resulted in a dose-dependent impairment of performance during the(More)
The effects of capsaicin on the electrophysiological behavior of myenteric neurons were investigated with intracellular recording techniques in the isolated guinea pig ileum. Capsaicin evoked a marked long-lasting slow depolarization associated with increased input resistance, during which the cells spiked repeatedly or displayed anodal break excitation.(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a humoral mediator of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, acting on a variety of epithelial cells as mitogen, motogen, and morphogen. Exogenous HGF acts as a hepatotrophic factor and a renotrophic factor during experimental injury. To investigate whether HGF has a pulmotrophic function, human recombinant HGF was(More)
The effects of the opioid antagonist, Mr2266 [(-)-(1R,5R,9R)-5,9-diethyl-2-(3-furyl-methyl)-2'-hydroxy-6,7-benzomo rph an] on the intake of water and saline (0.9%) were investigated in the mouse, deprived of water for 24 hr. In an attempt to evaluate motor functions, the behavior after treatment with Mr2266 was also examined by using multi-dimensional(More)