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The influence of the medial prefrontal cortex (PFC) on mesolimbic dopamine activity was studied with electrophysiological techniques and in vivo voltammetry in the chloral hydrate-anesthetized male rat. Glutamate injected into the PFC selectively increased burst firing of single dopamine cells in the ventral tegmental area and enhanced the release of(More)
The effects of the selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist (R)-8-hydroxy-2(di-n-propylamino)tetralin [(R)-8-OH-DPAT] and the novel 5-HT1A antagonist (S)-5-fluoro-8-hydroxy-2-(dipropylamino)-tetralin [(S)-UH-301] were studied with regard to the firing pattern of single mesencephalic dopamine (DA) neurons with extracellular recording techniques in chloral hydrate(More)
Unaccustomed strenuous exercise that includes lengthening contraction (LC) often causes delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), a kind of muscular mechanical hyperalgesia. The substances that induce this phenomenon are largely unknown. Peculiarly, DOMS is not perceived during and shortly after exercise, but rather is first perceived after approximately 1 d.(More)
The effects of the non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist dizocilpine ((+)-MK-801) on the firing pattern of midbrain dopamine neurons were studied with single cell recording techniques in male albino rats anaesthetized with chloral hydrate. The extracellularly recorded electrical activity of single, identified dopamine neurons was(More)
Exposed to a forced walking stress for 2 weeks, some rats became persistently inactive (depression-model rats), whereas others gradually recovered from exhaustion (spontaneous recovery rats). We also studied rats exposed to short-term stress, rats without stress, and the model rats treated with imipramine or saline. We examined the density of noradrenergic(More)
Antidepressants such as desipramine induce axonal regeneration of brain noradrenergic neurons. This novel action of antidepressants suggests the involvement of degeneration or retraction of brain noradrenergic axons in the pathophysiology of clinical depression. The present study was designed to further confirm this view in an animal model of stress-induced(More)
Rat aortic depressor nerve (ADN) contains only baroreceptor afferents. We identified 'aortic baroreceptor' neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) as those responding to electrical stimulation of the ADN and attempted to demonstrate convergence of cardiovascular mechanoreceptor inputs in these 'baroreceptor' neurons. In(More)
1. The effects of stimulation of the ventrolateral part of the midbrain periaqueductal grey matter (PAG) on the arterial baroreflex were investigated in urethane-chloralose anaesthetized and artificially ventilated rats. 2. Both electrical and chemical stimulation of the ventrolateral PAG provoked hypotension, vagal bradycardia and marked facilitation of(More)
At the premyelinating stage, the Schwann cells of peripheral nerves are able to recognize the axon, to arrange themselves along it in a nonoverlapping manner, and finally to establish a one-to-one cell-axon relationship. The mechanism that regulates these processes is not known in detail. We found the existence of a significant Schwann cell apoptosis in(More)
Midbrain periaqueductal grey (PAG) provokes the defense reaction when stimulated. The present study was conducted to determine whether, and how, the PAG produces baroreflex inhibition, a feature characterizing the hypothalamic defense reaction. In chloralose-urethane anaesthetized rats, baroreflex vagal bradycardia and baroreflex hypotension were provoked(More)