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Several new entities of central nervous system tumors have been established in the past decade. By reviewing our cases and previous reports, we describe 4 neuronal and mixed neuronal-glial tumors (papillary glioneuronal tumor, extraventricular neurocytoma, rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor of the fourth ventricle, and glioneuronal tumor with neuropil-like(More)
The purpose of this study is to apply contrast-enhanced 3D fast-imaging employing steady-state acquisition (3D-FIESTA) imaging to the evaluation of cranial nerves (CN) in patients with cavernous sinus tumors. Contrast-enhanced 3D-FIESTA images were acquired from ten patients with cavernous sinus tumors with a 3-T unit. In all cases, the trigeminal nerve(More)
PURPOSE To test the feasibility of noninvasive global assessment of cerebral hemodynamic impairment with use of resting-state blood oxygenation level-dependent functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this institutional review board-approved study, five patients with chronic hypoperfusion without neurologic impairment and six(More)
Conventional resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) studies have focused on investigating the synchronous neural activity in functionally relevant distant regions that are termed as resting-state networks. On the other hand, less is known about the spatiotemporal dynamics of the spontaneous activity of the brain. By examining the characteristics of both rs-fMRI and(More)
The study aims to investigate the effect of cerebral ischemia or hypoperfusion in the evaluation of neural activity with blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and to examine whether the severity of the compromised hemodynamic status in patients with major cerebral artery diseases could, conversely, be assessed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We analyzed the ability of a machine learning approach that uses diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) structural connectomes to determine lateralization of epileptogenicity in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed diffusion tensor and 3-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted images of 44 patients with TLE (right, 15, left,(More)
 Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is one of the most serious complications of immunosuppressive therapy. The clinical features include headache, altered mental functioning, seizures, cortical blindness and other visual disturbances, with hypertension. The neuroimaging studies reveal predominant posterior leukoencephalopathy. Usually,(More)
A case of venous congestion associated with developmental venous anomaly (DVA) in a 5-year-old girl who presented with acute deterioration of consciousness is reported. Susceptibility-weighted imaging revealed abnormal structures connected to the central collector of a DVA, which were not shown on other sequences. These structures were considered to be(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most popular follow-up study for patients who have undergone spinal surgery. However, the image quality often becomes poor because of artifacts from metal implants and/or from failed fat suppression, which obscure diagnosis. Iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the lifetime potential benefits and cost-effectiveness of using 64 multidetector-row computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) as a noninvasive imaging modality for patients at risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS A decision and cost-effective analysis using a Markov model was performed to compare 4(More)