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PURPOSE To test the feasibility of noninvasive global assessment of cerebral hemodynamic impairment with use of resting-state blood oxygenation level-dependent functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this institutional review board-approved study, five patients with chronic hypoperfusion without neurologic impairment and six(More)
Among a range of cognitive functions of the amygdala, recent studies suggest its involvement in identification of the pupil size. To further address its role, we investigated the response of the amygdala to human and cat faces with varied pupil size, taking into account the effect of the gender and subjective attractiveness ratings. Twenty-seven subjects(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study is to apply contrast-enhanced 3D fast-imaging employing steady-state acquisition (3D-FIESTA) imaging to the evaluation of cranial nerves (CN) in patients with cavernous sinus tumors. METHODS Contrast-enhanced 3D-FIESTA images were acquired from ten patients with cavernous sinus tumors with a 3-T unit. RESULTS In(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We analyzed the ability of a machine learning approach that uses diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) structural connectomes to determine lateralization of epileptogenicity in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed diffusion tensor and 3-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted images of 44 patients with TLE (right, 15, left,(More)
Conventional resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) studies have focused on investigating the synchronous neural activity in functionally relevant distant regions that are termed as resting-state networks. On the other hand, less is known about the spatiotemporal dynamics of the spontaneous activity of the brain. By examining the characteristics of both rs-fMRI and(More)
The study aims to investigate the effect of cerebral ischemia or hypoperfusion in the evaluation of neural activity with blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and to examine whether the severity of the compromised hemodynamic status in patients with major cerebral artery diseases could, conversely, be assessed(More)
AIM The aim of this article is to investigate the pathophysiology underlying the alternation of the cognitive function and neuronal activity in spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH). METHODS Fifteen patients with SIH underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and working-memory (WM) test one day before and one month after a(More)
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