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The dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) concentration decreases with age. There is evidence that DHEA has a protective effect against age-related disorders, including cardiovascular disease. Accordingly, we examined the effect of DHEA supplementation (25 mg/d) on endothelial function, insulin sensitivity, and fibrinolytic activity in 24 men with(More)
Weak aortic media layers can lead to intimal tear (IT) in patients with overt aortic dissection (AD), and aortic plaque rupture is thought to progress to penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU) with intramural hematoma (IMH). However, the influences of shear stress and atherosclerosis on IT and PAU have not been fully examined. Ninety-eight patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of glucose intolerance on oxidative stress in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS The patients were divided into 3 groups, diabetes mellitus (DM), IGT or normal glucose tolerance (NGT) according to the criteria of the American Diabetes Association. PATIENTS The present(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrates are widely used to treat coronary artery disease, but their therapeutic value is compromised by the rapid development of tolerance. Recently, the renin-angiotensin system has been suggested to play an important role in the development of nitrate tolerance. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty-four patients with coronary spastic angina were(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the relationship between the urinary levels of biopyrrins and the severity of heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is evident in heart disease and contributes to the development of ventricular dysfunction in patients with HF. Biopyrrins, oxidative metabolites of bilirubin, have been discovered as potential markers of(More)
Plasma levels of human thioredoxin are indicative of the responses against oxidative stress. We measured the plasma thioredoxin levels in patients with unstable angina in order to examine the relationships between subsequent clinical course and plasma thioredoxin levels before and after treatment for unstable angina. Blood was sampled both on admission and(More)
Adipose tissue is a secretory organ producing a variety of bioactive substances, such as adiponectin. Adiponectin has antiatherogenic properties while plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) is closely involved in the development of atherosclerosis. The relationship between adiponectin and PAI-1 in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) has not(More)
A 79-year-old woman was admitted due to chest pain with T wave inversion and anasarca. Echocardiography demonstrated a mass compressing the heart and computed tomography revealed a giant hiatal hernia within the intrathoracic stomach located just behind the heart. After drainage of the gastric contents, the T wave inversion disappeared, but subsequent ST(More)
A 49-year-old woman complained of hearing loss and diminution of left radial arterial pulsation. She had been diagnosed with sudden deafness and treated with corticosteroids. Her audibility deteriorated again after the cessation of the therapy. Angiograms showed stenosis in the bilateral carotid arteries, the left vertebral artery, the left subclavian(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery spasm plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart diseases such as unstable angina (UA) and acute myocardial infarction. Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in coronary artery spasm. We previously reported a deficiency in NO activity in the spasm arteries of patients with coronary spastic angina (CSA).(More)