Shinya Wakusawa

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OBJECTIVES There is considerable evidence that iron is a risk factor for liver injury in chronic hepatitis C. Known as iron reduction therapy, phlebotomy reduces serum ALT activity. This effect might continue with maintenance phlebotomy and result in slower progression of liver fibrosis. METHODS We examined the biochemical parameters and liver histology(More)
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is widely recognized as an effective compound in the treatment of chronic hepatitis and is known to modulate the redox state of the liver accompanied by an increase of GSH. In the present study, to access the antioxidative effect of UDCA and to clarify the molecular basis of the action on GSH level, we evaluated its effects in(More)
Synthetic pyrethroids such as cypermethrin, deltamethrin and permethrin, which are usually used in pest control operations, are metabolized to 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) and excreted in urine. Though 3-PBA can be used to assess exposure to pyrethroids, there are few reports describing urinary 3-PBA levels in Japan. This study aimed to investigate the(More)
It is known that protein kinase C (PKC) signal transduction is enhanced in a diabetic state, and that PKC activator phorbol esters increase the gene expression of MDR1 in human tumor cells. To clarify the expression of the liver transporters under diabetic conditions and the roles of PKCalpha and the transcription factor NF-kappaB, we investigated the(More)
Hemochromatosis is a genetically heterogeneous condition. Mutations in the recently described hemojuvelin gene were found in patients with juvenile hemochromatosis, who usually manifest clinical signs of iron overload, including cardiomyopathy and hypogonadism, in their teens and early 20s. In this report, we describe three Japanese patients who showed(More)
We investigated the effects of seven isoquinoline derivatives in overcoming resistance to vinblastine in Adriamycin-resistant mouse leukemia P388/ADR cells and human myelogeneous leukemia K562/ADR cells. N-(2-Methylpiperazyl)-5-isoquinoline-sulfonamide (H-7), N-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (H-8), and(More)
OBJECTIVES There is accumulating evidence that ceruloplasmin, a copper protein with ferroxidase activity, plays an important role in iron metabolism. The genetic disorder, aceruloplasminemia, can lead to tissue storage of iron as in hemochromatosis. Because most patients with Wilson's disease, a genetic copper toxicosis, have hypoceruloplasminemia, some(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that iron cytotoxicity plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, the biochemical effects of iron reduction therapy on CHC remain to be confirmed in a controlled study. This study aimed to test whether iron removal by repeated phlebotomy improves serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(More)
Dubin-Johnson syndrome is a recessive inherited disorder with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia caused by a dysfunction of multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) on the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes. A mutational analysis of the MRP2 gene was carried out in three Japanese patients and their family members. In two patients, the homozygous mutations(More)
OBJECTIVE The gene responsible for hereditary hemochromatosis close to the human leukocyte antigen A locus was previously identified and designated as HFE. This study was performed to evaluate the clinical significance of two mutations, C282Y and H63D of HFE, in Japanese patients with hepatic iron overload. PATIENTS AND METHODS We examined C282Y and H63D(More)