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OBJECTIVE To clarify the role of the T-lymphocyte-associated-4 (CTLA-4) polymorphism in the susceptibility to child-onset type 1 diabetes with regard to its clinical characteristics and complications with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) in the Japanese population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The CTLA-4 49 A/G polymorphism was detected by the(More)
A total of 141 children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) were studied prospectively to determine the causative microorganisms. Microbial investigations included examination of postnasal swabs, cultures, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and serology. The atypical pathogens occurring most frequently were Mycoplasma pneumoniae (58 patients [41.1%]),(More)
In this article, we report two patients with IgA-associated glomerulonephritis with a membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) -like pattern. Both patients had nephrotic syndrome at onset. One patient was treated with high-dose alternate-day prednisolone (PSL), and the other with indomethacin and low-dose PSL. One lost the urinary abnormalities 3(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM To evaluate the accuracy of the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) stimulation test in children with micropenis in predicting later Leydig cell function. METHODS We conducted a retrospective investigation of testosterone response to a 3-day hCG test (3,000 IU/m2/day) in prepuberty to indicate the need for hormone replacement therapy (HRT)(More)
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