Shinya Takami

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Brain subjected to acute ischemic attack caused by an arterial blockage needs immediate arterial recanalization. However, restoration of cerebral blood flow can cause tissue injury, which is termed reperfusion injury. It is important to inhibit reperfusion injury to achieve greater brain protection. Because oxidative stress has been shown to activate(More)
Localization of the mRNAs for fractalkine, a CX3C chemokine, and for its receptor CX3CR1 was investigated in the rat brain. In situ hybridization study revealed that fractalkine mRNA was dominantly expressed in neuronal cells particularly in the olfactory bulb, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, caudate putamen and nucleus accumbens. In vitro study using(More)
The distribution and cell source of macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) mRNA induced by transient and permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) were investigated by a double in situ hybridization technique. The distribution and time course of the induction of MIP-1alpha mRNA were similar in the two MCAO models. MIP-1alpha mRNA was(More)
Interleukin-1beta mRNA was induced by i.c.v. injection of the beta-adrenoceptor agonist isoproterenol. Lower doses of procaterol, a beta2-adrenoceptor agonist showed stronger induction of the mRNA than isoproterenol. These inductions were primarily observed in the glial cells. On the other hand, the beta1-adrenoceptor agonist dobutamine induced expression(More)
The expression of the mRNAs for stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha and -1beta (SDF-1alpha and -1beta) and their receptor CXCR4 in cultured rat glial and neuronal cells was examined. SDF-1alpha mRNA was expressed intensely in astrocytes and weakly in neurons, but not in microglia. SDF-1beta mRNA was expressed weakly in these three types of cells. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The seleno-organic compound ebselen has both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Although ebselen has been shown to protect the brain against stroke, it is unclear how ebselen provides neuroprotection. In the present study the authors examined whether ebselen inhibits neuronal apoptosis resulting from transient focal(More)
The authors previously reported that mRNA for macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1 alpha), a member of the CC chemokines, was expressed in glial cells after focal cerebral ischemia in rats. However, the function of chemokines in the ischemic brain remains unclear. Recently, viral macrophage inflammatory protein-II (vMIP-II), a chemokine analogue(More)
To elucidate the sites of and mechanisms of analgesic effect of centrally injected calcitonin, we examined expression of calcitonin receptor mRNA in the mouse brain by in situ hybridization techniques. Calcitonin receptor mRNA was expressed in various brain regions, including the preoptic area, dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus, lateral hypothalamic area,(More)
The in situ hybridization technique was used to examine the expression of type 2 interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R2) mRNA in the rat brain following the systemic injection of kainic acid at a convulsive dose. The expression of IL-1R2 mRNA was not detected in any brain regions of the saline-injected control rats. 8 h after the systemic injection of kainic acid,(More)
The effect of a nonpeptide CC chemokine receptor antagonist, TAK-779, on ischemic brain injury resulting from 1-hour middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by 48-hour reperfusion was examined in ddY mice. On intracerebroventricular injection of vehicle or TAK-779, infarct volume in the vehicle-treated group was 44.2 +/- 13.2% of the contralateral(More)