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Our purpose is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurement in differentiating malignant from benign uterine endometrial cavity lesions. We retrospectively evaluated 25 uterine endometrial cavity lesions in 25 female patients: endometrial carcinoma (n = 11), carcinosarcoma (n = 2), submucosal leiomyoma (n = 8), and(More)
Although studies have indicated a close relationship between nitric oxide (NO) and kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures, the role of NO in seizures is not fully understood. Here, we quantified NO levels in the brain of KA-treated mice using EPR spectrometry to elucidate the role of NO in KA-induced seizures. KA was administered to mice with or without(More)
The microbial community structure and successive changes in a mesophilic ethylbenzene-degrading sulfate-reducing consortium were for the first time clarified by the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of the PCR amplified 16S rRNA gene fragments. At least ten bands on the DGGE gel were detected in the stationary phase. Phylogenetic(More)
PURPOSE The mTOR pathway is thought to be a central regulator of proliferation and survival of cells. Rapamycin and its analogs are undergoing clinical trials in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. This study aimed to assess the potential to use rapamycin and anticancer agents in combination for first- and second-line chemotherapy to treat ovarian(More)
BACKGROUND Fingolimod efficiently reduces multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse by inhibiting lymphocyte egress from lymph nodes through down-modulation of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors. We aimed to clarify the alterations in peripheral blood T cell subsets associated with MS relapse on fingolimod. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Blood samples successively(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal intrathecal synthesis of IgG, reflected by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oligoclonal IgG bands (OBs) and increased IgG index, is much less frequently observed in Japanese multiple sclerosis (MS) cohorts compared with Western cohorts. We aimed to clarify whether genetic and common infectious backgrounds influence CSF IgG abnormality in(More)
To assess the relationship between pre- and postoperative high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) genotypes and hrHPV type-specific persistence and reappearance of abnormal cytology after successful conization. A retrospective analysis was performed of 211 patients who were undergoing conization after hrHPV genotype testing at Tottori University Hospital(More)
Recently, considerable evidence has been generated that oxidative stress contributes to the etiology and pathogenesis of prostate cancer. The present study focused on the effects of apocynin, an inhibitor of the NADPH oxidase which generates intracellular superoxide, on a rat androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line (PLS10) in vitro and in vivo.(More)
OBJECTIVE Preoperative and intraoperative assessments of myometrial invasion (MI) are commonly used for planning surgical procedures such as dissection of the para-aortic node; however, the assessments often differ from the final diagnosis determined by pathological examination. The present study evaluated the accuracy of preoperative and intraoperative(More)
AIM We aimed to elucidate the relationship between the contrast enhancement effect of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) and the expressions of hepatocyte transporters (i.e. organic anion-transporting polypeptide [OATP]1B3, multidrug-resistant(More)