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BACKGROUND Abnormal intrathecal synthesis of IgG, reflected by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oligoclonal IgG bands (OBs) and increased IgG index, is much less frequently observed in Japanese multiple sclerosis (MS) cohorts compared with Western cohorts. We aimed to clarify whether genetic and common infectious backgrounds influence CSF IgG abnormality in(More)
The molecular mechanisms responsible for differential neuronal vulnerability to ischemic injury are incompletely understood. Previous studies have reported that the expression and activity of protein kinase C (PKC), some subtypes of which are activated by Ca(2+) and diacylglycerol (DG), are altered after ischemic insults. Therefore, DG kinase (DGK), which(More)
Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) is an enzyme that phosphorylates a second messenger diacylglycerol (DG) and is involved in a variety of pathophysiological cellular responses. We have previously reported that DGKzeta may be involved in the selective vulnerability of hippocampal CA1 neurons in transient forebrain ischemia. In this study we aimed to further(More)
BACKGROUND Fingolimod efficiently reduces multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse by inhibiting lymphocyte egress from lymph nodes through down-modulation of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors. We aimed to clarify the alterations in peripheral blood T cell subsets associated with MS relapse on fingolimod. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Blood samples successively(More)
A new cell line of human ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCC), TU-OC-1, was established and characterized. The cells showed a polygonal-shaped morphology and grew in monolayers without contact inhibition and were arranged like a jigsaw puzzle. The chromosome numbers ranged from 64 to 90. A low rate of proliferation was observed, similar to other CCC cell(More)
There is abundant epidemiological evidence that heavy alcohol intake contributes to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. Previous reports indicated that connexin 32 (Cx32), which is a major hepatocyte gap junction protein, is down-regulated in chronic liver disease and has a protective role in hepatocarcinogenesis. However, functions of Cx32 in(More)
BACKGROUND Nationwide surveys conducted in Japan over the past thirty years have revealed a four-fold increase in the estimated number of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, a decrease in the age at onset, and successive increases in patients with conventional MS, which shows an involvement of multiple sites in the central nervous system, including the(More)
BACKGROUND Diatoms belong to the stramenopiles, one of the largest groups of eukaryotes, which are primarily characterized by a presence of an anterior flagellum with tubular mastigonemes and usually a second, smooth flagellum. Based on cell wall morphology, diatoms have historically been divided into centrics and pennates, of which only the former have(More)
This study was conducted to explore a bibliometric approach to quantitatively assess current research trends in cisplatin-containing chemotherapy for small cell lung cancer (SCLC), using related literature in the Science Citation Index Expanded database from 1992 to 2011. Articles were analyzed by the scientific output and research performances of countries(More)