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The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family ligand decapentaplegic (Dpp) plays critical roles in wing vein development during pupal stages in Drosophila. However, how the diffusible Dpp specifies elaborate wing vein patterns remains unknown. Here, we visualized Dpp distribution in the pupal wing and found that it tightly reflects the wing vein patterns. We(More)
Bowel anisakiasis is rare, and the incidence and clinical features of this condition remain unclear. Using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) in-patient database, we identified 201 cases of bowel anisakiasis between the months of July and December during 2007 and 2008. More than 70% were males. The average age was 54.5 years. Overall, 102(More)
The basic principle of Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG) is to classify patients according to the combination of diagnosis and procedures. The first DRG developed by research at Yale University was adopted for the per-case-payment American Medicare scheme for hospital fees under a DRG/PPS (prospective payment system). This scheme has been refined continuously(More)
OBJECTIVE In this community-based study, we assessed the advantages of laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) and the impact of volume-related hospital characteristics on gastrectomy care. BACKGROUND The quality of gastrectomy care and the potential effects of volume-related hospital characteristics on gastrectomy care have not been comprehensively evaluated to(More)
Japan implemented a new social insurance scheme for the frail and elderly, Long-Term-Care Insurance (LTCI) on 1 April 2000. This was an époque-making event in the history of the Japanese public health policy, because it meant that in modifying its tradition of family care for the elderly, Japan had moved toward socialization of care. One of the main ideas(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer, one of the most common cancers in women and the most serious gynecologic cancer, is known to be influenced by reproductive factors, but these factors have not previously been examined in Vietnamese women. STUDY DESIGN We analyzed 262 ovarian cancer patients recruited from 27 hospitals in 12 provinces and Ha Noi City from April(More)
Acute abdominal pain is one of the most frequent causes of admission to emergency departments. However, there is a shortage of detail information showing the difference of outcomes or etiology of acute abdominal pain according to age. We therefore conducted an epidemiological analysis to reveal the difference between age on outcomes and etiology of acute(More)
Observations were made on the succession and growth rates of crustose coralline algae growing in situ on artificial substrata in a shallow fore-reef environment on Ishigaki Island, Ryukyu Islands. Succession in well-illuminated environments manifests itself as a gradual replacement of species having very thin thalli by those having larger and thicker(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have suggested that i.v. atropine has a potential role in treating infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). It remains unclear, however, whether surgery can be replaced by i.v. therapy. METHODS Data were extracted on infants with IHPS who were treated with atropine and/or surgery, from a nationwide administrative database(More)
We examined the relationship between vegetable consumption and the risk of death from liver cancer in a cohort study in Japan. This analysis is based on data from 6,049 subjects aged 40 to 79 years enrolled in a cohort study conducted in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. The follow-up period was from 1986 to 1999. All liver cancer deaths were recorded. The(More)