Shinya Kawahara

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In posterior stabilised total knee replacement (TKR) a larger femoral component is sometimes selected to manage the increased flexion gap caused by resection of the posterior cruciate ligament. However, concerns remain regarding the adverse effect of the increased anteroposterior dimensions of the femoral component on the patellofemoral (PF) joint.(More)
We investigated the development (calcification) stages of the permanent first molars of Japanese children by classifying them into 14 stages by the criterion of Moorrees, et al., using 11,167 panoramic radiographs, 5,759 of boys and 5,408 of girls, between the ages of 2 years 0 months and 14 years 11 months. The following information was obtained from(More)
Rotational alignment is important for patellar tracking, ligament balance, and tibiofemoral congruity after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The posterior condylar axis is often referred to as a rotational alignment landmark. However, articular cartilage wear localized only in the medial condyle might affect the accuracy of rotation, because surgical planning(More)
BACKGROUND Patient satisfaction has increasingly been recognized as an important measure after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, we do not know yet how and why the patients are satisfied or dissatisfied with TKA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We asked: (1) After TKA, how satisfied are patients and which activities were they able to do? (2) Are patient-derived(More)
BACKGROUND It is difficult to implant components in the correct rotational position in the narrow operating field in a unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. Although no rotational reference has been confirmed for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, the AP axis of the tibia may serve as a reference for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and TKA. However, it is(More)
The anteroposterior (AP) axis connecting the middle of the posterior cruciate ligament to the medial border of the patellar tendon at its attachment has been introduced as a reproducible and reliable reference perpendicular to the surgical epicondylar axis in healthy knees. A recent literature has reported that the AP axis of the tibia is, on average,(More)
We designed an enzymatic assay for total (TBil) and direct bilirubin (DBil), the principle of which involves measuring the decrease in absorbance at 450 nm produced by bilirubin oxidase from Myrothecium verrucaria. Since TBil and DBil are oxidized at pH 7.2 and 3.7, respectively, the degree of bilirubin oxidation is measurable in each case. An analysis of(More)
The 2011 Knee Society Knee Scoring System (KSS) was developed as a new patient-derived outcome measure to better characterize satisfaction, expectations, and physical activities after total knee arthroplasty. The rotational alignment of the femoral and tibial components was assessed with computed tomography in 75 patients (92 knees), and its effect on the(More)
We investigated whether the extension gap in total knee replacement (TKR) would be changed when the femoral component was inserted. The extension gap was measured with and without the femoral component in place in 80 patients with varus osteoarthritis undergoing posterior-stabilised TKR. The effect of a post-operative increase in the size of the femoral(More)
Proper rotational alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is essential for successful outcomes. The surgical epicondylar axis (SEA) has been frequently used to determine the femoral rotational alignment, and the anteroposterior (AP) axis of the tibia described in previous study has been introduced as a line perpendicular to the SEA in healthy knees.(More)