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Epigenetic modifications mediated by histone deacetylases (HDACs) play important roles in the mechanisms of different neurologic diseases and HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) have shown promise in therapy. However, pharmacodynamic profiles of many HDACIs in the brain remain largely unknown due to the lack of validated methods for noninvasive imaging of HDAC(More)
In atherosclerotic internal carotid artery (ICA) or middle cerebral artery (MCA) disease, hemodynamic compromise may cause selective neuronal damage manifested as loss of central benzodiazepine receptors (BZRs) in the normal-appearing cerebral cortex, without overt episode of stroke. To investigate the association of decreases in cortical BZRs with(More)
OBJECTIVE In atherothrombotic internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusive disease, chronic hemodynamic compromise may increase the risk for cerebral ischemic damage. To determine whether selective neuronal damage demonstrated as a decrease in central benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) in the normal-appearing cerebral cortex is associated(More)
Studies in the 1990s demonstrated that misery perfusion is a predictor of subsequent stroke in medically treated patients with symptomatic major cerebral artery disease. A recent randomized controlled trial demonstrated no benefit of bypass surgery for such patients. In this light, outcome in patients with misery perfusion has regained interest. The purpose(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hemodynamic compromise due to atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery (MCA) disease may induce internal border-zone infarction and cortical neuronal damage. This study aimed to determine whether internal border-zone infarction is associated with increased oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and a decrease in central benzodiazepine(More)
In vivo imaging of β-amyloid plaques in the brain may lead to the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and monitoring of the progression and effectiveness of treatment. In the present study, we report on the development of two potential PET probes, [(18)F]FPYBF-2 ([(18)F]10) and [(18)F]FPHBF-2 ([(18)F]21), for imaging of β-amyloid plaques in AD(More)
A potential probe for PET targeting β-amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, FPYBF-1 (5-(5-(2-(2-(2-fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)benzofuran-2-yl)-N,N-dimethylpyridin-2-amine), was synthesized and evaluated. In experiments in vitro, FPYBF-1 displayed high affinity for Aβ(1-42) aggregates (K(i)=0.9 nM), and substantial labeling of β-amyloid plaques(More)
We report a fluorinated and iodinated radiotracer as a probe for PET/SPECT to detect of β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We successfully designed and synthesized the fluorinated and iodinated aurone derivative (3) and its radiolabels ([(125)I]3 and [(18)F]3). In binding experiments in vitro, 3 showed high(More)
Intrarenal pheochromocytoma (paraganglioma) is a very rare tumour. Its diagnosis is often difficult to establish because of its rarity and its histological similarity to renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Recently, we examined the molecular signatures of different subtypes of kidney tumours by using cDNA microarray. The signature pattern for one tumour, which was(More)
OBJECTIVES Although positron emission tomography (PET) using [(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) is established as one of the first-choice imaging modalities in the diagnosis of chest malignancies, there are several problems to solve in clinical practice, such as false positive uptake in inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)