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Neuronal cells injured by ischemia and reperfusion to a certain extent are committed to death in necrotic or apoptotic form. Necrosis is induced by gross ATP depletion or 'energy crisis' of the cell, whereas apoptosis is induced by a mechanism still to be defined in detail. Here, we investigated this mechanism by focusing on a DNA damage-sensor,(More)
Quantitative and mechanism-based information on differences in transfection efficiency between viral and non-viral vectors would be highly useful for improving the effectiveness of non-viral vectors. A previous quantitative comparison of intracellular trafficking between adenovirus and LipofectAMINE PLUS (LFN) revealed that the three orders of magnitude(More)
BACKGROUND There is controversy regarding which of the two biopsy methods, fine-needle aspiration (FNA) or core needle biopsy (CNB), should be routinely employed for diagnosis of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of FNA compared to CNB and to explore the value of performing both FNA and CNB. METHODS Two hundred eighty-one(More)
BACKGROUND An advantage of PET/CT has been demonstrated for diagnosis of several tumor entities. In patients with breast cancer, early diagnosis and accurate restaging of recurrence after surgery is important for selection of the most appropriate therapeutic strategy. Purpose To evaluate the accuracy of integrated positron emission tomography and computed(More)
Estrogens produced as a result of intratumoral aromatization has been recently shown to play important roles in proliferation of human non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC), but the details have remained largely unknown. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the possible roles of intratumoral aromatase in NSCLCs as follows: (a) evaluation of intratumoral(More)
Non-amyloid beta (Abeta) component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid (NAC) coexists with Abeta protein in senile plaques. After exposure to NAC fibrils, cortical neurons of rat brain primary culture became apoptotic, while astrocytes were activated with extension of their processes. NAC fibrils decreased the activity of reducing(More)
Somatostatin analogues ameliorated many symptoms caused by neuroendocrine tumors (NET), but their antitumor activities are limited especially in non-functioning cases. An overactivation of signaling pathways under receptor tyrosine-kinase (RTK) has been recently demonstrated in some NET patients, but its details have remained largely unknown. Therefore, in(More)
Although a number of analytical methods for taxanes have been published, none of them are sufficiently suitable for use in a medical setting. In this study, we established an improved analytical HPLC/UV detection method using a Sep-Pak C18 cartridge for extraction and a semi-micro-borecolumn for separation. This method employed here reduced chromatographic(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) has been reported to exert various anticancer effects upon breast carcinoma cells in vitro but its details have remained largely unknown. Therefore, we first examined the AhR status in 90 invasive ductal carcinoma patients using immunohistochemistry. We then performed in vitro studies including wound healing assay, invasion(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by dopaminergic neuronal death in the substantia nigra pars compacta. There is growing interest in the effects of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) against PD progression. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of NSAIDs on neuronal damage induced by(More)