Learn More
Thermococcus litoralis 4-alpha-glucanotransferase (TLGT) belongs to glucoside hydrolase family 57 and catalyzes the disproportionation of amylose and the formation of large cyclic alpha-1,4-glucan (cycloamylose) from linear amylose. We determined the crystal structure of TLGT with and without an inhibitor, acarbose. TLGT is composed of two domains: an(More)
β-Glucosidase from Kluyveromyces marxianus (KmBglI) belongs to the GH3 (glycoside hydrolase family 3). The enzyme is particularly unusual in that a PA14 domain (pf07691), for which a carbohydrate-binding role has been claimed, is inserted into the catalytic core sequence. In the present study, we determined the enzymatic properties and crystal structure of(More)
Feruloyl esterases hydrolyze the ester linkages of ferulic and diferulic acids present in plant cell walls. This interesting group of enzymes also has a potentially broad range of applications in the pharmaceutical and agri-food industries. An overview of the current knowledge of fungal feruloyl esterases focusing on the diverse of substrate specificity and(More)
The polyene macrolide antibiotic filipin is widely used as a probe for cholesterol and a diagnostic tool for type C Niemann-Pick disease. Two position-specific P450 enzymes are involved in the post-polyketide modification of filipin during its biosynthesis, thereby providing molecular diversity to the "filipin complex." CYP105P1 and CYP105D6 from(More)
Nitric oxide reductase cytochrome P450nor catalyzes an unusual reaction, direct electron transfer from NAD(P)H to bound heme. Here, we succeeded in determining the crystal structure of P450nor in a complex with an NADH analogue, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide, which provides conclusive evidence for the mechanism of the unprecedented electron transfer.(More)
We have shown that many fungi (eukaryotes) exhibit distinct denitrifying activities, although occurrence of denitrification was previously thought to be restricted to bacteria (prokaryotes), and have characterized the fungal denitrification system. It comprises NirK (copper-containing nitrite reductase) and P450nor (a cytochrome P450 nitric oxide (NO)(More)
Xylanase C from Aspergillus kawachii has an optimum pH of 2.0 and is stable at pH 1.0. The crystal structure of xylanase C was determined at 2.0 A resolution (R-factor = 19.4%). The overall structure was similar to those of other family 11 xylanases. Asp37 and an acid-base catalyst, Glu170, are located at a hydrogen-bonding distance (2.8 A), as in other(More)
The carbazole 1,9a-dioxygenase (CARDO) system of Pseudomonas resinovorans strain CA10 catalyzes the dioxygenation of carbazole; the 9aC carbon bonds to a nitrogen atom and its adjacent 1C carbon as the initial reaction in the mineralization pathway. The CARDO system is composed of ferredoxin reductase (CarAd), ferredoxin (CarAc), and terminal oxygenase(More)
In contrast to most denitrifiers studied so far, Pseudomonas stutzeri TR2 produces low levels of nitrous oxide (N(2)O) even under aerobic conditions. We compared the denitrification activity of strain TR2 with those of various denitrifiers in an artificial medium that was derived from piggery wastewater. Strain TR2 exhibited strong denitrification activity(More)
The polyene macrolide antibiotic filipin is widely used as a probe for cholesterol in biological membranes. The filipin biosynthetic pathway of Streptomyces avermitilis contains two position-specific hydroxylases, C26-specific CYP105P1 and C1'-specific CYP105D6. In this study, we describe the three X-ray crystal structures of CYP105P1: the ligand-free(More)