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BACKGROUND Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe form of lung injury that frequently occurs during pneumonia and sepsis. Lung inflammation in ARDS patients may have deleterious effects on remote organs such as the kidney. The nuclear enzyme poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enhances the nuclear factor (NF)-κB-dependent(More)
Poor adherence to oral and topical medication in 3096 dermatological patients as assessed by the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 DEAR EDITOR, Recent studies have shown that adherence to treatment is an important factor for good therapeutic outcome in various chronic disorders such as hypertension and diabetes. 1,2 In dermatology, patient nonadherence(More)
Cancerous inhibitor of PP2A (protein phosphatase 2A) (CIP2A) is an inhibitor of PP2A, a phosphatase and tumor suppressor that regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CIP2A plays a role in the progression of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that a(More)
More elderly patients now undergo gastrointestinal endoscopy following recent advances in endoscopic techniques. In this study, we conducted a high-risk survey of endoscopies in Japan, using a questionnaire administered prior to upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy (UGITE), and identified anticholinergic agents and glucagon preparations as high-risk(More)
The interaction of viral proteins with host-cellular proteins elicits the activation of cellular signal transduction pathways and possibly leads to viral pathogenesis as well as cellular biological events. Apoptotic signals induced by DNA-damage are remarkably up-regulated by Friend leukemia virus (FLV) exclusively in C3H hosts; however, the mechanisms(More)
Advances in pharmacogenetic analysis technology have accelerated the movement to incorporate pharmacogenetic analysis data into medicine. Therefore, pharmacists will soon have to provide guidance and raise pharmaceutical questions regarding prescriptions based on patient pharmacogenomic information. The objective of this study was to clarify Japanese(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to compare the glucose-lowering effect and glycemic variability of insulin glargine with those of insulin detemir. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was an open-label, single-center, randomized, two-way crossover study in patients with diabetes on basal-bolus insulin therapy, with neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin as basal(More)
PURPOSE We investigated correlations between short-term and long-term intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuations. METHODS We examined 50 eyes of glaucoma patients who were followed for >2 years. We measured short-term IOP fluctuation using a Triggerfish(®) contact lens sensor (CLS). The short-term IOP fluctuation (mVeq) was defined as the difference between(More)
Expression of CD44, especially the variant isoforms (CD44v) of this major cancer stem cell marker, contributes to reactive oxygen species (ROS) defense through stabilizing xCT (a cystine-glutamate transporter) and promoting glutathione synthesis. This enhances cancer development and increases chemotherapy resistance. We investigate the role of CD44v in the(More)
Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor with anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic effects and is used worldwide for the treatment of advanced or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While the significant survival benefit of sorafenib in patients with advanced HCC was demonstrated, various treatment-related adverse events might happen. Of them,(More)