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We recently demonstrated that squalene synthase (SQS) inhibitors reduce plasma triglyceride through an LDL receptor-independent mechanism in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits (Hiyoshi et al. 2001. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 431: 345-352). The present study deals with the mechanism of the inhibition of triglyceride biosynthesis by the SQS inhibitors ER-27856(More)
Previously we assessed the medication adherence for oral and topical remedies by a translated Japanese version of the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8) together with socioeconomic backgrounds in 3096 Japanese dermatological patients, and found the medication adherence, especially to topical drugs, was poor in these patients. In order to(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of lansoprazole (LPZ) at inhibiting gastric acid secretion is influenced by cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphism. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether CYP2C19 polymorphism had an influence on the remission of erosive reflux esophagitis (RE) during maintenance therapy with LPZ. METHODS Eighty-two(More)
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) multiple myeloma (MM) patients who fail chemotherapy frequently express MDR1 protein, which serves as an efflux pump that protects neoplastic cells. The expression of lung resistance protein (LRP), which mediates intercellular and nucleocytoplasmic transport, is also correlated with chemotherapy resistance and shorter survival of(More)
A solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a rare neoplasm that mainly occurs in young women. We herein report the case of a small SPT arising from the head of the pancreas in an asymptomatic 32-year-old man, plus a literature review of this tumor. A 32-year-old man was admitted to our department at Kumamoto University Hospital for the(More)
BACKGROUND Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe form of lung injury that frequently occurs during pneumonia and sepsis. Lung inflammation in ARDS patients may have deleterious effects on remote organs such as the kidney. The nuclear enzyme poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enhances the nuclear factor (NF)-κB-dependent(More)
For neoplasms in the third and fourth parts of the duodenum, a duodenectomy that preserves the pancreas may provide feasible tumor clearance while avoiding the additional dissection and pancreaticoduodenectomy. We herein describe the case of a 40-year-old male patient with an adenoma in the third part of the duodenum. The patient underwent a partial(More)
The transcriptional coactivator with a PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) cooperates with various transcriptional factors and plays various roles. Immortalized human mammalian epithelial MCF10A cells form spheres when TAZ is overexpressed and activated. We developed a cell-based assay using sphere formation by TAZ-expressing MCF10A cells as a readout to screen 18,458(More)
Granular cell tumor is an uncommon, benign tumor, which mainly occurs on the skin, tongue and oral cavity as a single nodule. Multiple granular cell tumors are rare, with the incidence reported to vary from 7-29% in adult cases of the tumor. We describe a case of multiple cutaneous granular cell tumors in the right lumber and back regions along with a brief(More)
AIMS To determine the expression of CXCL12 in human spleens with extramedullary haematopoiesis (EMH) for clarifying the association of splenic haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with CXCL12, which has been demonstrated to be a marker of bone marrow niches. METHODS We examined the expression of mRNA for CXCL12 by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase(More)