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Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2, NGAL) is a member of the lipocalin superfamily with diverse functions such as the transport of fatty acids and the induction of apoptosis. Previous reports indicated that expression of Lcn2 is induced under harmful conditions. However, the mechanisms of the induction of Lcn2 expression remain to be elucidated. In this report, we intended(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of lansoprazole (LPZ) at inhibiting gastric acid secretion is influenced by cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphism. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether CYP2C19 polymorphism had an influence on the remission of erosive reflux esophagitis (RE) during maintenance therapy with LPZ. METHODS Eighty-two(More)
BACKGROUND Adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) is widely used as a vehicle for vaccine delivery in the treatment of infectious disease and cancer. However, the efficacy of Ad5 vectors has been limited in humans because exposure to Ad5 infections results in most adults having neutralizing antibodies against Ad5. To overcome this limitation, the hexon epitope present in(More)
Influence of manufacturing variability on circuit performance has been increasing because of finer manufacturing process and lowered supply voltage. In this paper, we focus on mesh-style clock distribution which is believed to be effective for reducing clock skew, and we evaluate clock skew considering manufacturing and design variabilities. Considering MOS(More)
Among 300 patients with chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) followed at our institute during the last ten years, 36 (12%) were thought to have Ph1-negative CML. In eight of these patients, chromosomal abnormalities were found in the leukemic cells; in four, the karyotypic abnormalities were established with banding techniques. The data of the present study(More)
It has been proposed that iodine-123 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-R,S-methylpentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) is an agent for myocardial fatty acid metabolism in animal models. The aim of the present study was to determine whether alterations in fatty acid uptake and/or utilization in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) could be detected by 123I-BMIPP.(More)
Bone marrow cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) frequently undergo apoptosis, though the apoptotic cell ratio decreases when overt leukemia (OL) develops. Thus, we compared the expression of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) gene family proteins in bone marrow samples from control, MDS, OL transformed from MDS (MDS --> OL), and de(More)
It is well-known that leukemic cells of overt leukemia (OL) that have transformed from myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are more resistant to chemotherapy as compared with de novo AML cells. Thus, to examine the expression levels of drug-resistant genes and their alterations with the development of OL in MDS, the expression of mRNA for MDR1 and LRP was(More)
We recently demonstrated that squalene synthase (SQS) inhibitors reduce plasma triglyceride through an LDL receptor-independent mechanism in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits (Hiyoshi et al. 2001. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 431: 345-352). The present study deals with the mechanism of the inhibition of triglyceride biosynthesis by the SQS inhibitors ER-27856(More)
BACKGROUND Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe form of lung injury that frequently occurs during pneumonia and sepsis. Lung inflammation in ARDS patients may have deleterious effects on remote organs such as the kidney. The nuclear enzyme poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enhances the nuclear factor (NF)-κB-dependent(More)