Learn More
BACKGROUND The efficacy of lansoprazole (LPZ) at inhibiting gastric acid secretion is influenced by cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphism. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether CYP2C19 polymorphism had an influence on the remission of erosive reflux esophagitis (RE) during maintenance therapy with LPZ. METHODS Eighty-two(More)
It has been proposed that iodine-123 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-R,S-methylpentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) is an agent for myocardial fatty acid metabolism in animal models. The aim of the present study was to determine whether alterations in fatty acid uptake and/or utilization in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) could be detected by 123I-BMIPP.(More)
We recently demonstrated that squalene synthase (SQS) inhibitors reduce plasma triglyceride through an LDL receptor-independent mechanism in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits (Hiyoshi et al. 2001. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 431: 345-352). The present study deals with the mechanism of the inhibition of triglyceride biosynthesis by the SQS inhibitors ER-27856(More)
Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2, NGAL) is a member of the lipocalin superfamily with diverse functions such as the transport of fatty acids and the induction of apoptosis. Previous reports indicated that expression of Lcn2 is induced under harmful conditions. However, the mechanisms of the induction of Lcn2 expression remain to be elucidated. In this report, we intended(More)
Bone marrow cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) frequently undergo apoptosis, though the apoptotic cell ratio decreases when overt leukemia (OL) develops. Thus, we compared the expression of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) gene family proteins in bone marrow samples from control, MDS, OL transformed from MDS (MDS --> OL), and de(More)
It is well-known that leukemic cells of overt leukemia (OL) that have transformed from myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are more resistant to chemotherapy as compared with de novo AML cells. Thus, to examine the expression levels of drug-resistant genes and their alterations with the development of OL in MDS, the expression of mRNA for MDR1 and LRP was(More)
BACKGROUND Adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) is widely used as a vehicle for vaccine delivery in the treatment of infectious disease and cancer. However, the efficacy of Ad5 vectors has been limited in humans because exposure to Ad5 infections results in most adults having neutralizing antibodies against Ad5. To overcome this limitation, the hexon epitope present in(More)
Greater size of the gluteus maximus muscle in humans compared to non-human primates has been considered an indication of its function in bipedal posture and gait, especially running capabilities. Our aim was to find out how the size of the gluteus maximus muscle varies according to sports while controlling for variation in muscle strength and body weight.(More)
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) multiple myeloma (MM) patients who fail chemotherapy frequently express MDR1 protein, which serves as an efflux pump that protects neoplastic cells. The expression of lung resistance protein (LRP), which mediates intercellular and nucleocytoplasmic transport, is also correlated with chemotherapy resistance and shorter survival of(More)
Ever since the first observation of 67Ga accumulation in tumors and inflammatory lesions, 67Ga has been used to detect various tumors and inflammations. The aims of this study were to clarify whether or not transferrin is involved in the uptake of 67Ga by the regenerating liver after partial hepatectomy. The uptake of 67Ga by the liver of rats reached a(More)