Shinu A John

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Systemic lupus erythematosus etiology includes both genetic and environmental factors. Evidence suggests that many genetic loci in humans and mouse models contribute to the occurrence and clinical presentation of lupus. This large array of different genes affects many aspects of immune cell function, including the activation and functional(More)
Small subunit rRNA sequences were amplified from Amoebophrya strains infecting Karlodinium micrum, Gymnodinium instriatum and an unidentified Scrippsiella species in Chesapeake Bay. The alignable parts of the sequences differed from each other and from the previously reported rRNA sequence of the Amoebophrya strain infecting Akashiwo sanguinea in Chesapeake(More)
It has been shown that mice with a targeted mutation in the Ets-1 gene exhibit increased B cell terminal differentiation to IgM-secreting plasma cells. Here, we show that mice, formerly described to lack Ets-1 protein, actually express low levels of an internally deleted Ets-1 protein. Mice harboring this Ets-1 hypomorphic allele possess very few marginal(More)
Development of immunoglobulin-secreting plasma cells from B cells is a tightly regulated process controlled by the action of a number of transcription factors. In particular, the transcription factor Blimp-1 is a key positive regulator of plasmacytic differentiation via its ability to suppress expression of genes involved in the mature B cell program. The(More)
B lymphocyte induced maturation protein 1 (Blimp1) is a zinc finger transcriptional repressor whose function as a master regulator of terminal differentiation of B cells into plasma cells has long been studied and is well established. Recent studies have identified novel roles for Blimp1 including homeostasis of effector T cells, specification of primordial(More)
The Ets family of transcription factors function as key regulators of multiple aspects of immune cell development and function. To date, Ets-1 has been implicated in regulating early stages of thymic maturation and lymphocyte function and homeostasis. This report describes a novel role for Ets-1 in supporting later stages of thymic selection, in that(More)
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), its adaptor MyD88, the downstream transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), and type I interferons (IFN-I) are all required for resistance to infection with ectromelia virus (ECTV). However, it is not known how or in which cells these effectors function to promote survival. Here, we showed that after infection(More)
B cell differentiation into antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) is a tightly regulated process under the control of multiple transcription factors. One such transcription factor, Ets1, blocks the transition of B cells to ASCs via two separate activities: (i) stimulating the expression of target genes that promote B cell identity and (ii) interfering with the(More)
Tight control of B cell differentiation into plasma cells (PCs) is critical for proper immune responses and the prevention of autoimmunity. The Ets1 transcription factor acts in B cells to prevent PC differentiation. Ets1(-/-) mice accumulate PCs and produce autoantibodies. Ets1 expression is downregulated upon B cell activation through the BCR and TLRs and(More)
The differentiation and survival of autoreactive B cells is normally limited by a variety of self-tolerance mechanisms, including clonal deletion, anergy, and clonal ignorance. The transcription factor c-ets-1 (encoded by the Ets1 gene) has B cell-intrinsic roles in regulating formation of Ab-secreting cells by controlling the activity of Blimp1 and Pax5(More)
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