Shintaro Seto

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) is an intracellular pathogen that can replicate within infected macrophages. The ability of M. tb to arrest phagosome maturation is believed to facilitate its intracellular multiplication. Rab GTPases regulate membrane trafficking, but details of how Rab GTPases regulate phagosome maturation and how M. tb modulates their(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an intracellular bacterium that can survive within macrophages. Such survival is potentially associated with Coronin-1a (Coro1a). We investigated the mechanism by which Coro1a promotes the survival of M. tuberculosis in macrophages and found that autophagy was involved in the inhibition of mycobacterial survival in Coro1a(More)
The late endosomal marker Rab7 has been long believed to be absent from the phagosome containing Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) in macrophage, but the detail kinetics remains elusive. Here, we found that Rab7 is transiently recruited to and subsequently released from M.tb phagosomes. For further understanding of the effect of Rab7 dissociation from the(More)
Bone-marrow-derived macrophages are divided into two phenotypically and functionally distinct subsets, M1 and M2 macrophages. Recently, it was shown that adoptive transfer of M2-polarized peritoneal macrophages reduced the severity of experimental colitis in mice. However, it is still unclear whether peritoneal macrophages possess the same ability to be(More)
The present study evaluates the potential of improved third-generation lentivirus vector with respect to their use as an in vivo-administered T-cell vaccine against tuberculosis. Intratracheal administration of the lentivirus vector encoding MPT51 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis could induce MPT51-specific CD8+ T cells in the mediastinal lymph nodes 2 weeks(More)
We have previously demonstrated that human gingival fibroblasts rescue butyric acid-induced T-cell apoptosis via proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and IL-11, which are produced by fibroblasts stimulated with butyric acid. In this study, we determined if T-cell adhesion to human gingival fibroblasts influenced the susceptibility of T(More)
M.tb is an intracellular pathogen which survives within the phagosomes of host macrophages by inhibiting their fusion with lysosomes. Here, it has been demonstrated that a lysosomal glycoprotein, CD63, is recruited to the majority of M.tb phagosomes, while RILP shows limited localization. This is consistent with the author's findings that CD63, but not(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an intracellular pathogen that can survive within phagocytic cells by inhibiting phagolysosome biogenesis. However, host cells can control the intracellular M. tuberculosis burden by the induction of autophagy. The mechanism of autophagosome formation to M. tuberculosis has been well studied in macrophages, but remains unclear(More)
We recently have reported on a novel ankylosis gene that is closely linked to the Enpp1 (ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1) gene on chromosome 10. Here, we have discovered novel mutant mice in a Jcl:ICR closed colony with ankylosis in the toes of the forelimbs at about 3 weeks of age. The mutant mice exhibited rigidity in almost all joints,(More)
Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is a member of a highly conserved superfamily of intracellular chaperones called stress proteins that can activate innate and adaptive immune responses. We evaluated the effect of a fusion DNA vaccine that encoded mycobacterial HSP70 and MPT51, a major secreted protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Spleen cells from mice(More)