Shintaro Obayashi

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PROBLEM An indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and a tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO) lead to dysfunction of T cell and immunological tolerance between fetus and mother in early pregnancy. We investigated the role of IDO and TDO in patients with recurrent miscarriage. METHODS OF STUDY Cervical mucus, decidua, and villi were surgically collected from(More)
The prevalence of antiphosphatidylethanolamine antibodies (aPEs) is higher in recurrent pregnancy loss patients than that in women with normal pregnancy. We conducted a cohort study to examine the predictive value of aPE for recurrent pregnancy loss and to determine its clinical significance. We examined plasma protein dependent (P+) and independent (P-)(More)
Hypophosphatasia is an inheritable disorder characterized by defective bone mineralization and a deficiency of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) activity. Screening for mutations in the TNSALP gene allows genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of the disease in families with severe forms of hypophosphatasia. A 33-year-old, gravida 4, para(More)
PROBLEM In Japan, marital age and women's age at the first pregnancy are continuing to increase year by year. However, information concerning subsequent live birth rate according to maternal age and number of previous recurrent miscarriages is limited. METHOD OF STUDY We studied a total of 1250 unexplained patients suffering two or more consecutive(More)
We report four cases of persistent cloaca diagnosed at 32-33 weeks of gestation. In cases of persistent cloaca, serial prenatal ultrasonography shows transient fetal ascites, enlarged cystic structures arising from the fetal pelvis. Our four cases of persistent cloaca were diagnosed prenatally. Persistent cloaca should be considered in any female fetus(More)
Omphalocele-exstrophy of the bladder (cloaca)-imperforate anus-spinal defects (OEIS) complex describes a rare grouping of more commonly occurring component malformations. We report two cases of OEIS complex diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In both cases, OEIS complex was suspected by conventional sonography in the(More)
Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is a rare congenital disease and prognostic factors have not been entirely established. We report two cases of fetal SCT with different clinical courses. Case 1 was a cystic, slow growing tumor with mild vascularity. The tumor was removed one week after delivery at 35 weeks, and there was no recurrence at 1.5-year follow-up.(More)
Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia) leads to disturbed glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis due to a deficiency in the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase. A patient with GSD Ia showed hypoglycemia and proteinuria without dietary management since early pregnancy. The patient's condition was complicated by hypertension with increase in proteinuria at 22 weeks(More)
Microangiopathic antiphospholipid-associated syndromes (MAPSs) are reported as encompassing several conditions mainly affecting the microvasculature of selected organs: the liver in HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet); kidney, brain, and skin in TTP (thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura). It is predominant in patients with(More)
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