Shintaro Kato

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Thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2) ) is a prostanoid formed by thromboxane synthase using the cyclooxygenase product, prostaglandin H(2), as the substrate. TXA(2) was shown to enhance tumor metastasis, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. B16F1 melanoma cells were intravenously injected into TXA(2) receptor (TP) knockout mice (TP(-/-) ) and wild-type(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors promote liver regeneration. The objective of the present study was to examine the role of VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR1) signaling in hepatic tissue repair after acetaminophen (N-acetyl-para-aminophenol) (APAP)-induced liver injury. To do this, we treated VEGFR1 tyrosine kinase knockout (VEGFR1 TK(-/-))(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) has been shown to enhance angiogenesis, but its precise mechanisms of enhancement during ischemia are not fully elucidated. We examined the effect of EPO on blood flow recovery from acute hind-limb ischemia induced by ligation of the femoral artery in male C57Bl/6 mice. The density of microvessels with platelet adhesion in ischemic(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is known to correlate with poor cancer prognosis and to contribute to tumor metastasis. However, the precise mechanism of this phenomenon remains unknown. We have previously reported that host stromal prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))-prostaglandin E2 receptor (EP)3 signaling appears critical for tumor-associated angiogenesis and tumor(More)
It is known that the neural system plays a fundamental role in neovascularization. A neuropeptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), is widely distributed in the central and peripheral neuronal systems. However, it remains to be elucidated the role of CGRP in angiogenesis during ischemia. The present study examined whether endogenous CGRP released(More)
BACKGROUND To clarify the appropriate application and therapeutic strategy for the percutaneous cardiopulmonary system (PCPS) in patients in cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA), the effects of the duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), diagnosis of underlying diseases, subsequent intervention and complications were retrospectively investigated for the(More)
UNLABELLED DNA or RNA aptamers have gained attention as the next generation antibody-like molecules for medical or diagnostic use. Conventional secondary structure prediction tools for nucleic acids play an important role to truncate or minimize sequence, or introduce limited chemical modifications without compromising or changing its binding affinity to(More)
Some guanine-rich DNA sequences, which are called DNAzymes, can adopt G-quadruplex structures and exhibit peroxidase activity by binding with hemin. Although known DNAzymes show less activity than horseradish peroxidase, they have the potential to be widely used for the detection of target molecules in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays if sequences that(More)
Polyhistidine-tag (His-tag) is a powerful tool for purification of recombinant protein. His-tagged protein can be affinity-purified by using resins immobilizing Ni2+ or anti-His-tag antibodies. However, Ni2+-affinity-purification is prevented by the presence of divalent cations. The purification with antibodies has contamination of antibody peptides, which(More)
Angiotensin II is involved in tumor growth; however, the precise mechanism is not known. Platelets also contribute to tumor growth, and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) is expressed on the platelet surface. We hypothesized that interaction of platelets with tumor cells through AT1 receptor signaling promotes tumor metastasis. B16F1 melanoma cells were(More)