Shintaro Iwama

Learn More
Hypophysitis is a chronic inflammation of the pituitary gland of unknown (primary forms) or recognizable (secondary forms) etiology, such as the use of ipilimumab in cancer immunotherapy. Ipilimumab, which blocks the T cell inhibitory molecule CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4), induces hypophysitis in about 4% of patients through unknown mechanisms.(More)
Hypophysitis is a chronic inflammation of the pituitary gland that is receiving greater attention from endocrinologists and oncologists alike. It can be classified according to etiology, anatomic location, or histopathology (1, 2). Etiology distinguishes hypophysitis into primary (or idiopathic) or secondary depending on whether the cause/ mechanism of the(More)
Hashimoto's thyroiditis is now considered the most prevalent autoimmune disease, as well as the most common endocrine disorder. It was initially described in 1912, but only rarely reported until the early 1950s. To celebrate this centennial, we reviewed the surgical pathology archives of the Johns Hopkins hospital for cases of Hashimoto's thyroiditis,(More)
Cancer immunotherapy induces a variety of autoinflammatory responses, including those against the thyroid gland, which can be exploited to predict clinical outcomes. Considering the paucity of information about thyroid autoimmunity in patients receiving cancer vaccines, we designed our study to assess the development of thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAbs) in(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) regulates leptin signaling in hypothalamic neurons via the JAK2-STAT3 pathway. PTP1B has also been implicated in the regulation of inflammation in the periphery. However, the role of PTP1B in hypothalamic inflammation, which is induced by a high-fat diet (HFD), remains to be elucidated. Here, we showed that STAT3(More)
CONTEXT Isolated prolactin (PRL) deficiency is a rare entity of unknown etiology manifesting as failure of puerperal lactogenesis. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to determine the cause of isolated PRL deficiency in an affected woman. DESIGN AND SETTING We examined genetic and autoimmune causes of isolated PRL deficiency at academic medical centers.(More)
Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) is a serious demyelinating disease in the central nervous system usually caused by rapid correction of hyponatremia. In an animal model of ODS, we previously reported microglial accumulation expressing proinflammatory cytokines. Microglia and astrocytes secreting proinflammatory cytokines and neurotrophic factors are(More)
CONTEXT Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) can be caused by several diseases, but in about half of the patients the etiological diagnosis remains unknown. Lymphocytic infundibulo-neurohypophysitis (LINH) is an increasingly recognized entity among cases of idiopathic CDI; however, the differential diagnosis from other pituitary diseases including tumors can be(More)
Tobacco smoking favorably influences the course of Hashimoto thyroiditis, possibly through the antiinflammatory proprieties of nicotine. In this study we tested anatabine, another tobacco alkaloid, in a model of experimental autoimmune thyroiditis. Experimental autoimmune thyroiditis was induced by different doses of thyroglobulin, to produce a disease of(More)
CONTEXT Pituitary antibodies have been measured mainly to identify patients whose disease is caused or sustained by pituitary-specific autoimmunity. Although reported in over 100 publications, they have yielded variable results and are thus considered of limited clinical utility. OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to analyze all publications reporting(More)