Shintaro Inoue

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Three human hyaluronan synthase genes (HAS1, HAS2, and HAS3) have been cloned, but the functional differences between these HAS genes remains obscure. The purpose of this study was to examine which of the HAS genes are selectively regulated in epidermis. We examined the relation of changes between hyaluronan production and HAS gene expression when cytokines(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) has an extraordinarily high turnover in physiological tissues, and HA degradation is accelerated in inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. CD44 (a cell surface receptor) and two hyaluronidases (HYAL1 and HYAL2) are thought to be responsible for HA binding and degradation; however, the role of these molecules in HA catabolism remains(More)
Raspberry ketone (4-(4-hydroxyphenyl) butan-2-one; RK) is a major aromatic compound of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus). The structure of RK is similar to the structures of capsaicin and synephrine, compounds known to exert anti-obese actions and alter the lipid metabolism. The present study was performed to clarify whether RK helps prevent obesity and activate(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) have the ability to present antigen and play a critical role in the induction of the acquired immune response. Skin DCs uptake antigen and subsequently migrate to regional draining lymph nodes (LNs), where they activate naive T cells. Here we show that the water/glycerol channel protein aquaporin 7 (AQP7) is expressed on epidermal and(More)
Recent research suggests that tight junctions (TJs) are located in the stratum granulosum, where they contribute to the barrier function of the epidermis. In this study, we investigated the formation of functional TJs in cultured normal human epidermal keratinocytes. We observed the development of permeability barrier function through the process of(More)
It has not been confirmed whether tight junctions (TJs) function as a paracellular permeability barrier in adult human skin. To clarify this issue, we performed a TJ permeability assay using human skin obtained from abdominal plastic surgery. Occludin, a marker protein of TJs, was expressed in the granular layer, in which a subcutaneously injected(More)
Diabetes mellitus induces many pathophysiologic changes in the skin. Even so, dermatologists still lack an animal model of diabetes that enables the direct evaluation of the various functional properties of the skin. Our group induced two types of an experimental type 1 diabetes model in hairless mice by administering either streptozotocin or alloxan, in(More)
Recently, we disclosed that KIAA1199-mediated hyaluronan (HA) depolymerization requires an acidic cellular microenvironment (e.g. clathrin-coated vesicles or early endosomes), but no information about the structural basis underlying the cellular targeting and functional modification of KIAA1199 was available. Here, we show that the cleavage of N-terminal 30(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT), a transcription factor of the Per/AHR/ARNT/Sim family, regulates gene expression in response to environmental stimuli including xenobiotics and hypoxia. To examine its role in the epidermis, the Cre-loxP system was used to disrupt the Arnt gene in a keratinocyte-specific manner. Gene-targeted, newborn(More)
The pathogenesis of spongiosis, which is a well-known hallmark of acute eczema, is not fully understood. We sought to clarify the mechanism for the influx of tissue fluid into the epidermis and the loss of cohesion between keratinocytes in acute eczema that result in spongiosis. We first demonstrated increased intercellular accumulation of hyaluronan (HA)(More)