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BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in the US, and little is understood about its pathogenesis. This study was conducted to characterize, retrospectively, the clinical, objective and immunological parameters that accompany recurrence of CRS during long-term follow-up after surgery. METHODS Fifty-six(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The phenomena of periodic cycles of vascular engorgement on the nasal cavity mucosa that alternate between right and left sides are termed the "nasal cycle." The physiologic mechanisms underlying this cycle have not been entirely clarified, even more so during sleep. In this study, we measured the periodic patterns of the normal(More)
Overnight polysomnography (PSG) is indispensable for diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome. However, studies on interscorer agreement on PSG scoring between laboratories are few. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of interscorer agreement on PSG scoring among 16 sleep laboratories in Japan. We found a relatively(More)
Corrosive aerodigestive injury complicated by tracheobronchial necrosis is a rare complication after caustic ingestion that carries a high risk of mortality and morbidity. If left untreated, tracheobronchial necrosis results in perforation, mediastinitis, and death. Pulmonary patch repair is a safe, effective, and easily performed surgical technique for the(More)
The aim of the present paper was to clarify the factors influencing subjective daytime sleepiness in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Subjects included 230 adult male OSAS patients aged 20-73 years. Single and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to estimate the association between the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and(More)
OBJECTIVES Sleep specialists usually do not pay much attention to the upper airway in patients who snore, because they can make the diagnosis of sleep-disordered breathing without performing nasopharyngeal endoscopy if they have the Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores and the results of polysomnography. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence(More)
PURPOSE The objectives of the present study were to assess the changes in upper airway morphology and function in response to advancement of the maxilla and mandible. PATIENTS AND METHODS Orthognathic surgery was performed. During the surgery, the maxilla and mandible were each advanced as a maxillomandibular advancement simulation. A total of 18 patients(More)
OBJECTIVES In order to assess the relationship between upper airway obstruction pattern and the clinical characteristics of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), we evaluated dynamic changes in the pharyngeal airway of patients with the disorder by using ultrafast dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS MRI while asleep was performed on 31(More)
OBJECTIVE Although sleep impairment is reported by patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, the associated factors have not been well studied. Therefore, we determined the associated risk factors for sleep impairment in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS This study was a prospective cohort study. A total of 572 adult patients (171 women, 401(More)
Prostaglandin (PG)D2 is an endogenous sleep substance, and a series of animal studies reported that PGD2 or PGD2 receptor (DP1) agonists promote sleep, while DP1 antagonists promote wakefulness. This suggests the possibility of use of PG DP1 antagonists as wake-promoting compounds. We therefore evaluated the wake-promoting effects of ONO-4127Na, a DP1(More)