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In order to make quantitative statements regarding behavior patterns in animals, it is important to establish whether new observations are statistically consistent with the animal's equilibrium behavior. For example, traumatic stress from the presence of a telemetry transmitter may modify the baseline behavior of an animal, which in turn can lead to a bias… (More)
Schooling was first observed at 25-27 days after hatching (26. 2-33. 8 mm, total length) in the Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis. At this time, the mode of swimming changed from intermittent sprinting to continuous cruising, and this allowed the fish to adjust to an inertial hydrodynamic environment.
The effects of vision development and light intensity on schooling behaviour during growth in juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis were investigated using both behavioural and histological approaches. The schooling behaviour of three age groups [25, 40 and 55 days post hatching (dph)] of juvenile T. orinetalis were examined under various light… (More)
It is necessary to understand the processes involved in sinking death in Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis aquaculture in order to develop methods to prevent or minimize this problem. We observed the nighttime vertical distribution of Pacific bluefin tuna in the water column on 2–9 DAH and the morphological characteristics of the larvae, in order to… (More)