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BACKGROUND Less invasive operations such as laparoscopic surgery have been developed for treating gastrointestinal malignancies. However, the advantages of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for esophageal cancer (VATS-e) with regard to postoperative morbidity and mortality remains controversial. METHODS We investigated the postoperative clinical course(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal myocardial loading can contribute to left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The aims of this study were to characterize and quantify LV function and mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with ESRD, and to elucidate the impact of haemodialytic (HD) therapy on these parameters by(More)
BACKGROUND Tonsillectomy and steroid pulse (TSP) therapy was proposed as a curative treatment for IgA nephropathy by Hotta et al. (Am J Kidney Dis 38:736-742, 2001) based on data that about 50% of patients achieved clinical remission (CR) of urinary abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS As a primary survey, we sent a questionnaire and letter to 848(More)
Autoimmune pancreatitis is a chronic fibroinflammatory condition primarily affecting the pancreas. Recent accumulating evidence suggested that autoimmune pancreatitis is a systemic autoimmune disease (immunoglobulin G4 [IgG4]-related autoimmune disease) affecting various organs with dense infiltration of IgG4-positive mononuclear cells. Tubulointerstitial(More)
BACKGROUND Renal biopsy is essential for the diagnosis of kidney diseases, but complications, particularly bleeding incidents, remain problematic. METHODS To evaluate the frequency of renal biopsy complications, and to reveal clinical and laboratory factors associated with overt bleeding complications, focusing on those available at hospital ward, we(More)
Mutations in WNK kinases cause the human hypertensive disease pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHAII), but the regulatory mechanisms of the WNK kinases are not well understood. Mutations in kelch-like 3 (KLHL3) and Cullin3 were also recently identified as causing PHAII. Therefore, new insights into the mechanisms of human hypertension can be gained by(More)
Alport syndrome (AS) is a hereditary nephritis caused by mutations in COL4A3, COL4A4 or COL4A5 encoding the type IV collagen α3, α4, and α5 chains, which are major components of the glomerular basement membrane. About 20 years have passed since COL4A3, COL4A4, and COL4A5 were identified and the first Alport mouse model was developed using a knockout(More)
BACKGROUND Topiroxostat, a selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, shows effective reduction in the serum urate level in hyperuricemic patients with or without gout. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topiroxostat in hyperuricemic stage 3 chronic kidney disease patients with or without gout. METHODS The study design was a(More)
Alport syndrome is a hereditary nephropathy that results in irreversible, progressive renal failure. Recent reports suggested that bone marrow transplantation (BMT) has a beneficial, short-term effect on renal injury in Alport (Col4a3(-/-)) mice, but its long-term effects, especially with regard to survival, are unknown. In this study, Alport mice received(More)
Although there have been multiple advances in the development of novel anticancer agents and operative procedures, prognosis of patients with advanced gastric cancer remains poor, especially in patients with peritoneal metastasis. In this study, we established nanoparticles loaded with indocyanine green (ICG) derivatives: ICG loaded lactosomes (ICGm) and(More)