Shinsuke Nakamura

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The vertebrate CNS is composed of a variety of longitudinal axonal tracts extending rostrally and caudally. Although recent studies have demonstrated that chemoattraction and chemorepulsion play key roles in axon guidance along the circumferential axis in the neural tube of the vertebrate, mechanisms of axonal elongation along the longitudinal axis, and(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress occurs as a result of accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the ER and is involved in the mechanisms of various diseases, such as cancer and neurodegeneration. The goal of the present study was to clarify the relationship between ER stress and pathological neovascularization in the retina. Proliferation and(More)
—This paper proposes a method for controlling an object with parallel surfaces in a horizontal plane by a pair of finger robots. The control method can achieve stable grasping, relative orientation control, and relative position control of the grasped object. The control inputs require neither any object parameters nor any object sensing, such as tactile(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the effects on the visual pathway that occur following retinal damage, we examined the morphological alterations present in the superior colliculus (SC) after N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced retinal damage in mice. METHODS NMDA was injected into the vitreous body of the left eye in mice to induce retinal damage. The time-dependent(More)
The mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) has been widely used for studies of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This disorder, characterized by abnormal vascularization of the retina, tends to occur in low birth weight neonates after exposure to high supplemental oxygen. Currently, the incidence of ROP is increasing because of increased survival(More)
Realistic drape and motion of virtual clothing is now possible by using an up-to-date cloth simulator, but it is even difficult and time consuming to adjust and tune many parameters to achieve an authentic looking of a real particular fabric. Bhat et al. [2003] proposed a way to estimate the parameters from the video data of real fabrics. However, this(More)
The purpose of this study, on mice, was to determine whether memantine, a glutamate-receptor antagonist of the N-methyl-(d)-aspartate (NMDA) subtype, protects against neuronal degeneration in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and superior colliculus (SC) after the induction of retinal damage by intravitreal injection of NMDA. NMDA (20 mM/2(More)
Cilostazol is a specific inhibitor of phosphodiesterase III and is widely used to treat ischemic symptoms of peripheral vascular disease. We evaluated the protective effects of cilostazol in a murine model of ocular ischemic syndrome in which retinal ischemia was induced by 5-h unilateral ligation of both the pterygopalatine artery (PPA) and the external(More)
Hypoxic stress is a risk factor of ocular neovascularization. Hypoxia visualization may provide clues regarding the underlying cause of angiogenesis. Recently, we developed a hypoxia-specific probe, protein transduction domain-oxygen-dependent degradation domain-HaloTag-Rhodamine (POH-Rhodamine). In this study, we observed the localization of HIF-1α(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish an experimental glaucoma model in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Chronic intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation was induced by laser trabeculoplasty twice at 2-week intervals in the left eyes of 4 common marmosets. IOP was measured before and at 4, 7, 8, 11, 13 weeks after first laser treatment, and(More)