Shinsuke Nakagawa

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Blood-brain barrier (BBB) characteristics are induced and maintained by cross-talk between brain microvessel endothelial cells and neighbouring elements of the neurovascular unit. While pericytes are the cells situated closest to brain endothelial cells morphologically and share a common basement membrane, they have not been used in co-culture BBB models(More)
The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is highly restrictive of the transport of substances between blood and the central nervous system. Brain pericytes are one of the important cellular constituents of the BBB and are multifunctional, polymorphic cells that lie within the microvessel basal lamina. The present study aimed to evaluate the role of pericytes in the(More)
(1) The blood–brain barrier (BBB) characteristics of cerebral endothelial cells are induced by organ-specific local signals. Brain endothelial cells lose their phenotype in cultures without cross-talk with neighboring cells. (2) In contrast to astrocytes, pericytes, another neighboring cell of endothelial cells in brain capillaries, are rarely used in BBB(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) affects cross-talk between the individual cell types of the neurovascular unit, which then contributes to disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the development of neurological dysfunctions. Although the toxicity of HIV-1 on neurons, astrocytes and brain(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a highly organized multicellular complex consisting of an endothelium, brain pericytes and astrocytes. The present study was aimed at evaluating the role of brain pericytes in the induction and maintenance of BBB functions and involvement of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in the functional properties of(More)
The present study was designed to clarify the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) signaling in the adverse effect of cyclosporine on the blood-brain barrier. Cyclosporine increased the permeability of sodium-fluorescein and the cellular accumulation of rhodamine 123, a substrate of P-glycoprotein, in mouse brain endothelial (MBEC4) cells. This effect was(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a regulatory interface between the circulation and the central nervous system (CNS). Therapy of neurological diseases is limited due to restricted penetration of pharmacons across the BBB. Models for screening the brain penetration of drug candidates are needed early in drug discovery. Culture-based models are useful tools(More)
1. Aims: Brain vascular endothelial cells secret Adrenomedullin (AM) has multifunctional biological properties. AM affects cerebral blood flow and blood–brain barrier (BBB) function. We studied the role of AM on the permeability and tight junction proteins of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMEC). 2. Methods: BMEC were isolated from rats and a BBB in(More)
Hypoxia and post-hypoxic reoxygenation induces disruption of the blood–brain barrier (BBB). Alterations of the BBB function after hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury remain unclear. Cyclosporin A (CsA), a potent immunosuppressant, induces neurotoxic effects by entering the brain, although the transport of CsA across the BBB is restricted by P-glycoprotein(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is composed of endothelial cells, pericytes and astrocytic foot processes. Most research for the in vitro BBB is performed endothelial cells with or without astrocytes. Hypoxia damage to the BBB induces vasogenic brain edema. We have generated a new model of the BBB with brain endothelial cells and pericytes and have examined(More)