Shinsaku Naito

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Pairs of forward and reverse primers and TaqMan probes specific to each of 46 human ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and 108 human solute carrier (SLC) transporters were prepared. The mRNA expression level of each target transporter was analyzed in total RNA from single and pooled specimens of various human tissues (adrenal gland, bone marrow, brain,(More)
The mRNA expression levels of 10 toll-like receptors (TLRs) and 21 related genes in total RNA from pooled specimens of fetal human tissues (brain and liver), from single and pooled specimens of various adult human tissues (adrenal gland, brain, heart, kidney, liver, lung, placenta, prostate, salivary gland, skeletal muscle, small intestine, spinal cord,(More)
Pairs of forward and reverse primers and TaqMan probes specific to each human cytochrome P450 isoform were prepared. Analysis of the mRNA level of each CYP isoform in total RNA from pooled specimens of various human organs was performed by real-time reverse transcription PCR using an ABI PRISM 7700 sequence detector system. The expression of CYP3A4 mRNA was(More)
Pairs of forward and reverse primers and TaqMan probes specific to each of 52 human phase I metabolizing enzymes (alcohol dehydrogenase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, aldehyde oxidase, dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase, epoxide hydrolase, esterase, flavin-containing monooxygenase, monoamine oxidase, prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase, quinone oxidoreductase, and(More)
Pairs of forward and reverse primers and TaqMan probes specific to each human nuclear receptor were prepared. Analysis of the mRNA expression level of each target of 43 nuclear receptors in total RNA from single and pooled specimens of various human organs (liver, kidney, adrenal gland, lung, heart, brain, cerebellum, skeletal muscle, spleen, thymus,(More)
Pairs of forward and reverse primers and TaqMan probes specific to each of 173 human solute carrier (SLC) transporters were prepared. The mRNA expression level of each target transporter was analyzed in total RNA from single and pooled specimens of various human tissues (adrenal gland, bladder, bone marrow, brain, colon, heart, kidney, liver, lung, mammary(More)
Cytochromes p450 (CYPs) compose a superfamily of similar proteins involved in detoxification and elimination, as well as activation of a wide variety of compounds. Most CYP family members are localized in the liver. In order to assess whether peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) are available as a surrogate for the determination of CYP gene expression levels(More)
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is associated with cholestasis and hepatic steatosis in human infants. The present study focused on the changes in hepatic xenobiotic transporters associated with overdose of fat-free or fat-containing TPN in infant rats. Three-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: group 1 received an oral diet,(More)
Quantitative real-time RT-PCR was used to investigate the effects of prototypical drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers rifampicin (Rif), dexamethasone (Dex), and omeprazole (Ome) on mRNA expression levels of the housekeeping genes beta-actin (ACTB), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), beta-glucuronidase (GUSB), hypoxanthine(More)
OBJECTIVES Diazepam is widely used to relieve preoperative anxiety in patients. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of polymorphism in CYP2C19 and the effects of CYP3A4 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) content in blood on recovery from general anesthesia and on diazepam pharmacokinetics. METHODS Sixty-three Japanese patients were(More)