Shinro Takai

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A six-degrees-of-freedom mechanical linkage device was designed and used to study the unconstrained motion of ten intact human cadaver knees. The knees were subjected to externally applied varus and valgus (V-V) moments up to 14 N-m as well as anterior and posterior (A-P) loads up to 100 N. Tests were done at four knee flexion angles; 0, 30, 45, and 90 deg.(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the displacement of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel during finger motion at varied wrist positions using transverse ultrasound in healthy volunteers, in order to clarify the appropriate position of a wrist splint in treating carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS Fifty wrists of 25 asymptomatic(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular hydrogen (H2) functions as an extensive protector against oxidative stress, inflammation and allergic reaction in various biological models and clinical tests; however, its essential mechanisms remain unknown. H2 directly reacts with the strong reactive nitrogen species peroxynitrite (ONOO-) as well as hydroxyl radicals (•OH), but not(More)
To evaluate irradiation effects on the metabolism of metastatic brain tumors treated by Gamma Knife radiosurgery, positron emission tomography (PET) and 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) studies were performed on five patients. The tumor origins were lung cancer in three patients and breast cancer in two. Treatment volume was 0.4-10.1 cm3 (mean: 5.5(More)
Seven cases of acute suppurative thyroiditis are described. Six patients had a recurrent painful swelling of the left anterior neck and one was seen at her first episode of the disease. A barium meal revealed a fistula originating from the apex of the left pyriform sinus in all cases. The fistula, a remnant of the fourth pharyngeal pouch, thus seems to be a(More)
A noncontact, kinematic method was used to determine the lengths and in situ loads borne by portions of the human anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) by the combination of kinematic data from the intact knee and load-length curves of the isolated ACL. Specimens from knees of cadavers of young people were tested in passive flexion and extension as well as with(More)
The structural component of the arches of the human foot were analyzed by a radiogrammetric method and multivariate statistical procedures. The right feet of 101 male university students were radiographed in the standing position from a lateromedial direction. 6 joint heights were measured directly on the radiographs. Factor analysis with varimax rotation(More)
RATIONALE Intercondylar fracture of the distal humerus is an extremely rare injury in children, especially in those under 8 years of age. To our best knowledge, there have been 55 reported cases of this fracture type in children in the English literature, 12 of which involved children under 8 years of age. PATIENT CONCERNS We report a case of(More)
Rationale: Distal humeral diaphyseal fractures are much less common than supracondylar humeral fractures. The triangular shape and thinner periosteum in the diaphyseal region than in the supracondylar region of the distal diaphysis makes the treatment of diaphyseal fractures difficult. Nonoperative treatment for this fracture is challenging and troublesome;(More)