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The relationships between protein extravasation, morphological changes in neurons, and reactive changes in axons were evaluated in rats subjected to right lateral fluid-percussion injury to the brain (4.8-5.6 atm, 20 ms). Serial sections of the brain were immunostained with antibodies to rat immunoglobulin G (IgG) and 68-kDa neurofilament at 1 h to 2 weeks(More)
Relatively little is known about normal prefrontal lobe development. We used three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based brain volumetry to characterize developmental changes in prefrontal lobe volumes in infants and children. Prefrontal volumes were determined in 30 subjects aged 5 months to 18 years (221 months) and 3 adults aged 28-39 years(More)
Cognitive neuroscience researchers have hypothesized that context-dependent and context-independent response selection is associated with the left and right frontal lobe, respectively, in right-handed adult males. Patients with left frontal lobe lesions show context-independent reasoning in a cognitive bias task (CBT), while those with right frontal lesions(More)
PURPOSE Ictal studies of atonic seizures in children with epilepsy are rare. To clarify the neurophysiologic mechanism of such seizures, we describe a cluster of atonic seizures in a 6-year-old girl with cortical dysplasia. METHODS Ictal activity was recorded as slow-wave bursts beginning over the right frontocentral regions, where the cortical dysplasia(More)
Two functionally and neurally distinct cognitive selection mechanisms involve the prefrontal lobes: those based on internal representations (context dependent) and those involving exploratory processing of novel situations (context independent). We used a cognitive bias task (CBT) representing contextual reasoning to correlate lateralization with age in the(More)
The pyrithiamine-treated rats produced by our method histopathologically exhibited the edematous lesion not only around the third ventricle and at the tegmentum of pons, as expected, but also in the cerebral cortex. These animals were, therefore, used in a biochemical study of the cerebral cortex, in particular, glucose metabolism. The results indicate an(More)
A cognitive bias task (CBT) delineates two different cognitive selection mechanisms in the prefrontal cortex. To identify functional anatomy of context-dependent reasoning, we used technetium-99mhexamethyl- propyleneamine oxime (99mTc HM-PAO) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and statistical parametric mapping. Twelve right-handed men 20-24(More)
Few morphological studies have been reported on fluid-percussion experimental models using mechanically induced severe brain injury have been reported. This study was initiated to evaluate microscopic and immunohistochemical findings in severe brain injury models using rats. The experimental rats and the methods used were the same as described for a(More)
The MLL gene involved in 11q23 translocations found in the majority of infantile leukemias and some secondary leukemias makes fusion transcripts with genes such as LTG4 (chromosome 4), LTG9 (chromosome 9), and LTG19 (chromosome 19) as a result of reciprocal translocation. We have examined 25 cases of leukemias with 11q23 abnormalities by Southern blot(More)