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The usefulness of pH-sensitive fusogenic polymer-(succinylated poly(glycidol)-(SucPG-) modified liposomes as a vaccine carrier in the induction of immune responses was evaluated. Mice were intraperitoneally immunized with ovalbumin- (OVA-) containing SucPG-modified liposomes. After immunization, significant OVA-specific antibodies were detected in the(More)
We have established hybridoma cell lines producing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed to N-acetylglucosaminylβ1-3galactose (GlcNAcβ1-3Gal) residue by immunizing BALB/c mice with lactotriaosylceramide (Lc(3)Cer). These obtained hybridoma cells, specific to Lc(3)Cer, were dual immunoglobulin (Ig)-producing cells which secreted both IgM and IgG molecules as(More)
Highly pH-sensitive liposomes that deliver antigenic molecules into cytosol through fusion with or destabilization of endosome were prepared by surface modification of egg yolk phosphatidylcholine/dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (1/1, mol/mol) liposomes with 3-methylglutarylated poly(glycidol) of linear (MGlu-LPG) or hyperbranched structure (MGlu-HPG).(More)
Induction of intestinal mucosal immune responses against Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis was studied by immunizing chickens with liposome-associated antigen. An ultrasonicated whole cell extract of the bacteria was used for immunizing antigen. Intraocular immunization induced serum IgA, IgG and IgM responses. Also, significant IgA and IgG antibodies(More)
Clostridium botulinum type C 16S progenitor toxin consists of a neurotoxin (NTX), a non-toxic non-HA (NTNH), and a haemagglutinin (HA). The HA acts as an adhesin, allowing the 16S toxin to bind to intestinal epithelial cells and erythrocytes. In type C, these bindings are dependent on sialic acid. The HA consists of four distinct subcomponents designated(More)
Clostridium botulinum type B neurotoxin (BoNT/B) recognizes a complex of synaptotagmin II and ganglioside GT1b or GD1a as the high-affinity toxin binding site. Recombinant deletion mutants of synaptotagmin II allowed us to demonstrate that the N-terminal domain including the transmembrane region retains BoNT/B binding activity while the C-terminal domain is(More)
By modification of liposomes with poly(glycidol) derivatives such as succinylated poly(glycidol) and 3-methylglutarylated poly(glycidol), we have developed functional liposomes that generate fusion ability at mildly acidic pH. We investigated the feasibility of these polymer-modified liposomes as a carrier of antigenic proteins for induction of cellular(More)
Cholera toxin (CT) inhibited the growth of three out of 10 small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines and two out of seven non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines when tested by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. These CT-sensitive as well as CT-resistant cell lines bound well to the non-toxic CT-B(More)
We have established three kinds of monoclonal antibodies against gangliosides containing N-glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc) by immunization of BALB/c mice with the purified gangliosides inserted into liposomes comprising Salmonella minnesota R595 lipopolysaccharides, and fusion of spleen cells with a mouse myeloma cell line. One monoclonal antibody, SHS-1,(More)
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans produces a toxin called cytolethal distending toxin (CDT), which causes host cell DNA damage leading to the induction of DNA damage checkpoint pathways. CDT consists of three subunits, CdtA, CdtB, and CdtC. CdtB is the active subunit of CDT and exerts its effect as a nuclease that damages nuclear DNA, triggering cell(More)