Shinobu Watarai

Learn More
Clostridium botulinum type B neurotoxin (BoNT/B) recognizes a complex of synaptotagmin II and ganglioside GT1b or GD1a as the high-affinity toxin binding site. Recombinant deletion mutants of synaptotagmin II allowed us to demonstrate that the N-terminal domain including the transmembrane region retains BoNT/B binding activity while the C-terminal domain is(More)
Liposome-associated fimbriae antigens (SEF14 and SEF21) were prepared for intraocular immunization to seek protective efficacy for intestinal infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. Chickens were immunized intraocularly with the antigens at 8 and 10 weeks of age. Evidence of an IgA and IgG responses were found in the intestinal tract and in(More)
Three kinds of anti-GM1 monoclonal antibodies, AGM-1, -2, and -3, of the IgM class were produced by the immunization of BALB/c mice with ganglioside GM1 inserted into liposomes with Salmonella minnesota R595 lipopolysaccharides and fusion of the spleen cells with a mouse myeloma cell line. The specificities of the monoclonal antibodies obtained were(More)
The usefulness of pH-sensitive fusogenic polymer-(succinylated poly(glycidol)-(SucPG-) modified liposomes as a vaccine carrier in the induction of immune responses was evaluated. Mice were intraperitoneally immunized with ovalbumin- (OVA-) containing SucPG-modified liposomes. After immunization, significant OVA-specific antibodies were detected in the(More)
We have developed poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers that have poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) grafts at all dendrimer chain ends. To obtain PEG-modified dendrimers with sites for conjugation of anticancer drugs for this study, we prepared PAMAM G4 dendrimers that have a glutamic acid (Glu) residue at every chain end of dendrimer; PEG chains were attached to(More)
Liposomes were applied to the immunization with GgOse4Cer and screening for production of monoclonal antibody to GgOse4Cer. Four-week-old and 22-week-old Balb/c mice were immunized with GgOse4Cer and Salmonella minnesota R595 lipopolysaccharides incorporated liposomes which were composed of dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol. Since antibody(More)
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans produces a toxin called cytolethal distending toxin (CDT), which causes host cell DNA damage leading to the induction of DNA damage checkpoint pathways. CDT consists of three subunits, CdtA, CdtB, and CdtC. CdtB is the active subunit of CDT and exerts its effect as a nuclease that damages nuclear DNA, triggering cell(More)
Induction of intestinal mucosal immune responses against Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis was studied by immunizing chickens with liposome-associated antigen. An ultrasonicated whole cell extract of the bacteria was used for immunizing antigen. Intraocular immunization induced serum IgA, IgG and IgM responses. Also, significant IgA and IgG antibodies(More)
In order to evaluate the usefulness of liposomes as oral vaccines, the stability of liposomes and serum IgA antibody response to antigen associated with liposomes after oral administration were examined. Liposomes composed of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), dipalmitoylphosphatidylserine (DPPS), and cholesterol (Chol) (1:1:2, molar ratio),(More)
This study was designed to develop a novel culture method for the efficient proliferation of canine peripheral blood lymphocytes (cPBL) for adoptive immunotherapy. When cPBL were cultured in the presence of concanavalin A (Con A), proliferation of cPBL was induced and expression of interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) which enables to respond to exogenously added(More)