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Here, we report the isolation and characterization of an endogenous peptide ligand of GPR103 from rat brains. The purified peptide was found to be the 43-residue RF-amide peptide QRFP. We also describe two mouse homologues of human GPR103, termed mouse GPR103A and GPR103B. QRFP binds and activates the human GPR103, as well as mouse GPR103A and GPR103B, with(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) play a central role in regulating the stress response. In response to stress, CRF and AVP neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus secrete the peptides to stimulate the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone from the anterior pituitary. Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand of the growth(More)
OBJECTIVE In the hypothalamus, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) plays a central role in regulating stress responses. Cytokines are important mediators of the interaction between the neuroendocrine and immune systems, and are implicated in the regulation of CRF expression. Following inflammatory challenges, interleukin (IL)-1 or IL-6 stimulates the(More)
OBJECTIVE The precise mechanism whereby proinflammatory cytokines activate the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis is still unclear. We examined whether transcription factors nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and Nurr-1 are involved in the cytokine-induced proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene expression. METHODS The mouse corticotropinoma cell line AtT20 was treated(More)
Although glucocorticoid, as "gluco-" literally implies, plays an important role in maintaining the blood glucose level, excess of glucocorticoid production/action is known to cause impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes. Since 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1), which converts inactive cortisone to active cortisol, is primarily(More)
Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation stimulates cutaneous melanin pigmentation. The melanosomal enzyme tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP1) is involved in the modulation of pigment production in response to this stressor. Recent molecular and biochemical analyses have revealed the presence of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and urocortin 1 (Ucn1), together(More)
DAVID syndrome is a rare condition combining anterior pituitary hormone deficiency with common variable immunodeficiency. NFKB2 mutations have recently been identified in patients with ACTH and variable immunodeficiency. A similar mutation was previously found in Nfkb2 in the immunodeficient Lym1 mouse strain, but the effect of the mutation on endocrine(More)
INTRODUCTION Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) plays a central role in controlling the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis during stressful periods. CRF is synthesized and secreted in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in response to stress, and stimulates ACTH in the pituitary corticotrophs. ACTH stimulates the release of(More)
Pyroglutamylated RFamide peptide (QRFP), an important regulator of metabolism and energy homeostasis, has orexigenic effects. QRFP acts via a specific receptor, Gpr103. Gpr103 mRNA is expressed in the rat hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). In the PVN, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), which plays a central role in regulating the stress response(More)