Shinobu Takayasu

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Here, we report the isolation and characterization of an endogenous peptide ligand of GPR103 from rat brains. The purified peptide was found to be the 43-residue RF-amide peptide QRFP. We also describe two mouse homologues of human GPR103, termed mouse GPR103A and GPR103B. QRFP binds and activates the human GPR103, as well as mouse GPR103A and GPR103B, with(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is expressed in paraventricular, supraoptic, and suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus, where transcription of the AVP gene is activated by various forms of stress, such as hyperosmolality, inflammation, and photic stimulation. In vasopressinergic neurons, the expression of the Fos/Jun family proteins is known to be rapidly(More)
In obesity-related insulin resistance, pancreatic islets compensate for insulin resistance by increasing secretory capacity. Here, we report the identification of sex-determining region Y-box 6 (SOX6), a member of the high mobility group box superfamily of transcription factors, as a co-repressor for pancreatic-duodenal homeobox factor-1 (PDX1). SOX6 mRNA(More)
CONTEXT Cushing disease (CD) is due to pituitary corticotrope adenomas that produce unrestrained ACTH secretion and have lost the negative feedback exerted by glucocorticoids (GCs). GCs also restrain corticotrope proliferation, and the mechanisms of this inhibition are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to identify cell cycle regulatory(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) play a central role in regulating the stress response. In response to stress, CRF and AVP neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus secrete the peptides to stimulate the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone from the anterior pituitary. Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand of the growth(More)
OBJECTIVE The precise mechanism whereby proinflammatory cytokines activate the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis is still unclear. We examined whether transcription factors nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and Nurr-1 are involved in the cytokine-induced proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene expression. METHODS The mouse corticotropinoma cell line AtT20 was treated(More)
The glucose-induced insulin secretion is fine-tuned by numerous factors. To systematically identify insulinotropic factors, we optimized a primary beta-cell-based functional assay to monitor intracellular Ca2+ flux ([Ca2+]i). By this assay system, we successfully identified several insulinotropic peptides including cholecystokinin, gastrin releasing(More)
As a screening test for Cushing's syndrome, the evaluation of late-night cortisol levels is indispensable. We evaluated the usefulness and accuracy of plasma, urinary, and salivary cortisol levels measured late at night for the diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome. High cortisol levels (> 5 microg/dL) during the night are indicative of Cushing's syndrome,(More)
Although glucocorticoid, as "gluco-" literally implies, plays an important role in maintaining the blood glucose level, excess of glucocorticoid production/action is known to cause impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes. Since 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1), which converts inactive cortisone to active cortisol, is primarily(More)