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Mouse milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8 (MFG-E8), which is secreted by a subset of activated macrophages, binds to apoptotic cells by recognizing phosphatidylserine and promotes their engulfment. Many apoptotic cells are left unengulfed in the germinal centers of the spleen in MFG-E8(-/-) mice, and these mice develop an autoimmune disease(More)
To determine the effects of echo-contrast agents (ECAs) on ultrasound (US)-induced apoptosis and cell lysis, human myelomonocytic lymphoma U937 cells in suspension were exposed to 1 MHz continuous waves US for 1 min at an intensity of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 or 4.0 W/cm(2) with or without non-shell type ECA, Levovist (2 mg/ml), and shell type, Optison (1 microl/ml)(More)
Although arsenic trioxide (As2O3) has been shown to be an effective anticancer agent for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), its mechanisms of action as well as its effect on other leukemias than APL remain unclear. We studied in vitro effects of As2O3 at low concentrations (1.0-2.0 microM) on two human leukemia/lymphoma cell lines, HL-60, an acute myeloid(More)
BACKGROUND Cell transplantation has recently been challenged to improve cardiac function of severe heart failure. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are multipotent cells that can be isolated from adult marrow stroma, but because of their limited life span, it is difficult to study them further. To overcome this problem, we attempted to prolong the life(More)
Wave intensity analysis is a method of studying intravascular flow wave propagation, calculated as the product of the rate of change in pressure (d P/ t) and the rate of change in velocity (d U/d t). The typical pattern of wave intensity seen during the cardiac cycle has two dominant peaks. The larger first peak (FP) occurs during early systole when a(More)
BACKGROUND Echocardiographic modalities have challenged the myocardial tissue characterization, but this reliability has not reached to the clinical use. This study investigated whether combined tissue harmonic imaging (THI) and integrated backscatter analysis (IB) provide the reliable and quantitative information about myocardial fibrosis in idiopathic(More)
BACKGROUND Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is characterized by a granulomatous inflammation and may show various forms of clinical presentation, such as the acute, subacute, and chronic forms. The TH1-associated cytokines interleukin (IL) 12 and IL-18 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) may be involved in the pathogenesis of both the acute and(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of metabolic syndrome on brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) by using the new guidelines for diagnosis of this syndrome in Japan. We examined 525 men and women without a history of cardiovascular disease or cancer, and an ankle-brachial index < 0.9. The baPWV was measured using a device (Form PWV/ABI)(More)
Milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 (MFG-E8) promotes the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by serving as a bridging molecule between apoptotic cells and phagocytes. Many apoptotic cells are left unengulfed in the germinal centers of the spleen of MFG-E8(-/-) mice, which develop a human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like autoimmune disease. Here, we analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is characterized by a macrophage-lymphocyte alveolitis and granuloma formation. A wide range of cytokines have been implicated in the pathophysiology and development of granulomas in HP, but there is no information about the production of interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-18 by alveolar(More)