Shinobu Itoh

Learn More
The pro form of melB tyrosinase from the melB gene of Aspergillus oryzae was over-produced from E. coli and formed a homodimer that exhibited the spectral features of met-tyrosinase. In the presence of NH(2)OH (reductant), the proenzyme bound dioxygen to give a stable (μ-η(2):η(2) -peroxo)dicopper(II) species (oxy form), thus indicating that the pro form(More)
The molecular mechanism of the monooxygenase (phenolase) activity of type 3 copper proteins has been examined in detail both in the model systems and in the enzymatic systems. The reaction of a side-on peroxo dicopper(II) model compound ( A) and neutral phenols proceeds via a proton-coupled electron-transfer (PCET) mechanism to generate phenoxyl radical(More)
Tyrosinase, a dinuclear copper monooxygenase/oxidase, plays a crucial role in the melanin pigment biosynthesis. The structure and functions of tyrosinase have so far been studied extensively, but the post-translational maturation process from the pro-form to the active form has been less explored. In this study, we provide the crystal structures of(More)
Octopus vulgaris hemocyanin ( Ov-Hc) and one of its minimal functional units ( Ov-g) have been purified, and their spectroscopic features and monooxygenase (phenolase) activity have been examined in detail. The oxy forms of both Ov-Hc and Ov-g are stable in 0.5 M borate buffer (pH 9.0) even in the presence of a high concentration of urea at 25 degrees C;(More)
Oxygenation of a series of p-substituted phenols to the corresponding catechols (phenolase activity) by the (mu-eta2:eta2-peroxo)dicopper(II) species of Octopus hemocyanin has been directly examined for the first time by using a UV-vis spectroscopic method in a 0.5 M borate buffer solution containing 8 M urea under anaerobic conditions. Preliminary kinetic(More)
The pro form of recombinant tyrosinase from Aspergillus oryzae (melB) shows no catalytic activity, but acid treatment (around pH 3.5) of protyrosinase activates it to induce tyrosinase activity. Circular dichroism spectra, gel filtration analysis, and colorimetric assay have indicated that acid treatment around pH 3.5 induced the disruption of the(More)
The scavenging reaction of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH.) or galvinoxyl radical (GO.) by a vitamin E model, 2,2,5,7,8-pentamethylchroman-6-ol (1H), was significantly accelerated by the presence of Mg(ClO4)2 in de-aerated methanol (MeOH). Such an acceleration indicates that the radical-scavenging reaction of 1H in MeOH proceeds via an electron(More)
A very simple tyrosinase reaction system has been developed using borate anion as a trapping agent of catechols and hydroxylamine as an external reductant to evaluate the phenolase activity without the interference of catecholase activity. Reactivities of variously para-substituted phenols in this system were compared directly to those of the phenols in the(More)
The reaction of copper(II) complexes supported by a series of beta-diketiminate ligands ((R1,R2)L, [(Dipp)N-C(R(2))-C(R(1))-C(R(2))-N(Dipp)](-), Dipp=2,6-diisopropylphenyl; see ) and H(2)O(2) has been examined spectroscopically at a low temperature. The beta-diketiminatocopper(II) complexes with R(2)=H (no substituent on the beta-carbon) provided a(More)
Five kinds of monomeric subunits of arthropod hemocyanin have been isolated from swimming crab Portunus trituberculatus hemolymph. The copper centers holding a peroxo species, [(μ-η2:η2-peroxo)dicopper(II)], of these subunits exhibited almost the same UV-vis and visible region CD spectroscopic properties, indicating that they have a similar copper(More)