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BACKGROUND Although accumulating evidence suggests that Helicobacter pylori plays a role in gastric carcinogenesis, the magnitude of the risk remains uncertain. AIM We aimed to estimate the magnitude of the risk of gastric cancer associated with H. pylori infection by a large case-control study nested within a prospective cohort. Possible effect(More)
Exercise increases utilization of lipids and carbohydrates in skeletal muscles. After exercise, replenishment of glycogen and triglyceride occurs in skeletal muscles. To elucidate the mechanism of lipid filling effect after exercise training, expression patterns of genes related to triglyceride synthesis were examined under several exercise conditions. Mice(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent genome-wide association studies have identified polymorphisms of lymphotoxin-α (LTA), galectin-2 (LGALS2), and proteasome subunit a type 6 (PSMA6) genes as genetic risk factors for myocardial infarction (MI). However, their effects on coronary atherosclerosis, an intermediate phenotype of MI, remain largely unknown. METHODS We(More)
The SERPINA1, SERPINA3, and SERPINE2 genes, which encode antiproteases, have been proposed to be susceptible genes for of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related phenotypes. Whether they are associated with emphysema is not known. Twelve previously reported single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SERPINA1 (rs8004738, rs17751769, rs709932,(More)
BACKGROUND Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) affecting microRNA (miR) sequences may influence carcinogenesis. Our current study primarily aimed to confirm previously conducted association studies between rs2910164 found on miR-146a, and rs11614913 located on miR-196a2 polymorphisms and cancer phenotypes in the Japanese elderly population. rs2910164(More)
Lymphotoxin-alpha (LTA) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine with anti-tumor activity. The objective of this study was to determine whether LTA polymorphisms influence the presence of cancer. LTA polymorphisms C804A (rs1041981, T60N) and T495C (rs2229094, C13R) were determined in 1,536 consecutive autopsy cases and were registered in the Japanese(More)
The human pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a crucial regulator of the genes encoding several major cytochrome P450 enzymes and transporters, such as CYP3A4 and MDR1, but its own transcriptional regulation remains unclear. To elucidate the transcriptional mechanisms of human PXR gene, we first endeavored to identify the transcription initiation site of human PXR(More)
Estrogens are thought to play an important role in bone metabolism through estrogen receptors (ER). Dinucleotide (cytosine–adenine, CA) repeat polymorphism in the human ER-β gene (ESR2) has been reported to be associated with bone mineral density. We aimed to further elucidate the importance of this polymorphism in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis by(More)
The possible involvement of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), an endogenous ligand for the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), in contact dermatitis in mouse ear was investigated. We found that the level of 2-AG was markedly elevated in the ear following a challenge with oxazolone in sensitized mice. Of note, the swelling following the challenge was(More)
Most epidemiologic studies have shown serum triglycerides to be associated with colorectal adenoma. However, whether the association can be modified by smoking is unknown. We cross-sectionally investigated the association of serum triglycerides with the risk of adenoma by smoking status. We identified 782 newly diagnosed adenoma cases from the examinees of(More)