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BACKGROUND Although accumulating evidence suggests that Helicobacter pylori plays a role in gastric carcinogenesis, the magnitude of the risk remains uncertain. AIM We aimed to estimate the magnitude of the risk of gastric cancer associated with H. pylori infection by a large case-control study nested within a prospective cohort. Possible effect(More)
Exercise increases utilization of lipids and carbohydrates in skeletal muscles. After exercise, replenishment of glycogen and triglyceride occurs in skeletal muscles. To elucidate the mechanism of lipid filling effect after exercise training, expression patterns of genes related to triglyceride synthesis were examined under several exercise conditions. Mice(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent genome-wide association studies have identified polymorphisms of lymphotoxin-α (LTA), galectin-2 (LGALS2), and proteasome subunit a type 6 (PSMA6) genes as genetic risk factors for myocardial infarction (MI). However, their effects on coronary atherosclerosis, an intermediate phenotype of MI, remain largely unknown. METHODS We(More)
The human pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a crucial regulator of the genes encoding several major cytochrome P450 enzymes and transporters, such as CYP3A4 and MDR1, but its own transcriptional regulation remains unclear. To elucidate the transcriptional mechanisms of human PXR gene, we first endeavored to identify the transcription initiation site of human PXR(More)
Surfactant protein D (SFTPD) induces emphysema in knockout mice, but the association of SFTPD with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emphysema in humans is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to determine the association between genetic variations in SFTPD and susceptibility to COPD and emphysema.Two populations were studied: population A comprised(More)
The possible involvement of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), an endogenous ligand for the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), in contact dermatitis in mouse ear was investigated. We found that the level of 2-AG was markedly elevated in the ear following a challenge with oxazolone in sensitized mice. Of note, the swelling following the challenge was(More)
2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous cannabinoid receptor ligand. To date, two types of cannabinoid receptors have been identified: the CB1 receptor, abundantly expressed in the brain, and the CB2 receptor, expressed in various lymphoid tissues such as the spleen. The CB1 receptor has been assumed to play an important role in the regulation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Most epidemiologic studies have shown serum triglycerides to be associated with colorectal adenoma. However, whether the association can be modified by smoking is unknown. We cross-sectionally investigated the association of serum triglycerides with the risk of adenoma by smoking status. METHODS We identified 782 newly diagnosed adenoma cases(More)
Estrogens are thought to play an important role in bone metabolism through estrogen receptors (ER). Dinucleotide (cytosine-adenine, CA) repeat polymorphism in the human ER-β gene (ESR2) has been reported to be associated with bone mineral density. We aimed to further elucidate the importance of this polymorphism in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis by(More)
OBJECTIVE A c. -285C >A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region of the E-cadherin (CDH1) gene, which is a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer (GC), has been shown to decrease gene transcription, but GC case-control studies of this SNP have yielded controversial results. A haplotype study in an Italian population showed that haplotypes(More)