Shinko Koishi

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The oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, which is located on chromosome 3p25.3, has been implicated as a candidate gene for susceptibility of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Positive associations between OXTR and ASD have been reported in earlier studies. However, the results were inconsistent and demand further studies. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Autism is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder of early childhood. Genetic factors play an important role in the aetiology of the disorder. In this study, we considered the NRCAM gene as a candidate gene of autism. This gene is expressed in the central nervous system and located in the 7q region, a susceptibility locus of autism. We conducted a case-control(More)
Autism is now widely accepted as a biological disorder which, by and large, starts before birth. It has been shown that serotonin (5-HT) is associated with several psychological processes and hyperserotoninemia is observed in some autistic patients. The results of previous reports about family-based association studies between the serotonin transporter(More)
Autism is a child-onset pervasive developmental disorder, with a significant role of genetic factors in its development. Genome-wide linkage studies have suggested a 7q region as a susceptibility locus for autism. We investigated several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Forkhead Box P2 (FOXP2) and Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase, Receptor-type, Zeta-1(More)
Autism (MIM 209850) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by disturbances in social interaction and communication, by repetitive body movements and restricted interests, and by atypical language development. Several twin and family studies have shown strong evidence for genetic factors in the etiology of autism. Glutamate is a major(More)
Autism is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex genetic aetiology. The wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 2 (WNT2) gene has been considered as a candidate gene for autism. We conducted a case-control study and followed up with a transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) analysis to confirm replication of the significant results for(More)
AIM Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex genetic etiology. Chromosome 15q11-q14 has been proposed to harbor a gene for autism susceptibility because deletion of the region leads to Prader-Willi syndrome or Angelman syndrome, having phenotypic overlap with autism. Here we studied the association between autism and the ryanodine receptor 3(More)
Chromosome 15q11-q13 has been a focus of genetic studies of autism susceptibility, because cytogenetic abnormalities are frequently observed in this region in autistic patients. An imprinted, maternally expressed gene within the region may have a role in autistic symptomatology. In the present study, we investigated the association between autism and the(More)
The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor genes GABRB3, GABRA5, and GABRG3 located on chromosome 15q11-q13 have been major candidates for susceptibility genes for autism, a neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex genetic etiology. In this study, we first investigated the association between the GABA receptor genes and autism in a Japanese population by(More)
Autism (MIM 209850) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties with verbal and non-verbal communication, impairments in reciprocal social interactions, and displays of stereotypic behaviors, interests and activities. Twin and family studies have indicated a robust role of genetic factors in the development of autism. Neuronal Pentraxin(More)