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To clarify the characteristics of total body and regional bone mineral density (BMD) and soft tissue composition in patients with atraumatic vertebral fractures (AVF), we measured total body and regional BMD, lean mass, and fat mass using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Sixty-four women, aged 55-75 years, were divided into two groups: women with AVF(More)
BACKGROUND Familial long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by prolonged ventricular repolarization. Clinical symptoms include recurrent syncopal attacks, and sudden death may occur due to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Three genes responsible for this syndrome (KVLQT1, HERG, and SCN5A) have been identified so far. We investigated mutations of these genes(More)
BACKGROUND It is controversial as to whether the development of gastric cancer is influenced by Helicobacter pylori eradication. If eradication itself influences the tumour morphology, this may affect the tumour discovery rate. AIM To investigate the morphological changes in the gastric neoplasm after H. pylori eradication. METHODS We studied 37(More)
The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and clinical presentation of Paget's disease of bone (PDB) in Japan. As PDB is a very rare disease in Japan, a nationwide mail survey was conducted targeting doctors in the specialty most frequently diagnosing and treating PDB patients in Japan. First, the literature for all case reports in Japan published(More)
Experimental tibial lengthening was achieved in 61 rabbits to examine the effect of continuous local infusion of recombinant human fibroblast growth factor-2 (rhFGF-2) on bone healing of the lengthened segment. The tibial diaphysis was separated by osteotomy and was subjected to slow progressive distraction (rate: 0.35 mm/12 h) using a monolateral external(More)
The Barthel Index (BI) cannot be used to measure initial stroke severity or by extension, to stratify patients by severity in acute stroke trials because most patients are bedbound in the first few hours after stroke, either by their deficit or by medical directive. Our objectives were to clarify the threshold of acute BI for use in the prediction of(More)
The arterial pressure (AP) response to hemodialysis was studied with echocardiography and strain gauge plethysmography in 17 patients with end-stage renal disease; mean AP was unchanged in seven (group A) and was reduced by more than 10 mm Hg in 10 patients (group B). Following dialysis, body weight decreased and heart rate increased equally in both groups.(More)
We used 24-h monitoring of blood pressure (BP) to evaluate the effect of calcium supplementation on mild to moderate essential hypertension in elderly hospitalized patients for the first time in a controlled crossover study. The mean systolic and diastolic BP over a period of 24 h declined by 13.6 mm Hg (P less than .005) and 5.0 mm Hg (P less than .05)(More)
We investigated the frequency components of fluctuations in heart rate, arterial pressure, respiration, and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in 11 healthy women using an autoregressive model and examined the relation among variables using Akaike's relative power contribution analysis with multivariate autoregressive model fitting. Power spectral(More)
This study aimed to clarify the therapeutic effects of postoperative ambulation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) after TKA. Subjects of this study were thirty-seven inpatients (21 inpatients: OA, 16 inpatients: RA) undergoing TKA (32 female and 5 male).(More)