Shinjiro Hoshino

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AbstractCalcitonin (CT), a calcium-regulating hormone, lowers the calcium level in serum by inhibiting bone resorption. Because CT may play a role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis, genetic variations in or adjacent to the CT gene may be associated with variations in bone mineral density (BMD). The present study examined the correlation between a(More)
A novel variation of the estrogen receptor-α (ERα) gene was identified by polymerase chain reaction–single-strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP). It is one base substitution in codon 325 (CCC [allele M] to CCG [allele m]) in exon 4 of the human ERα gene. This substitution did not cause an amino acid change. We categorized 306 unrelated Japanese(More)
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is replacement of depleted endogenous estrogen for postmenopausal women. Usually progestin is used in combination to avoid endometrial proliferation. As for bone metabolism, estrogens exert bone protective effect through inhibition of bone absorption. HRT has been shown to improve bone mineral density and to lower the risk(More)
Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) is an important regulator of osteoblast growth and differentiation, affecting peak bone mass in vertebrates. Here, we analyzed whether the LRP5 gene was involved in the etiology of postmenopausal osteoporosis, using association analysis between bone mineral density (BMD) and an LRP5 gene(More)
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