Shinji Yamamoto

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During pre-implantation mouse development, embryos form blastocysts with establishment of the first two cell lineages: the trophectoderm (TE) which gives rise to the placenta, and the inner cell mass (ICM) which will form the embryo proper. Differentiation of TE is regulated by the transcription factor Caudal-related homeobox 2 (Cdx2), but the mechanisms(More)
Vertebrate Wnt proteins activate several distinct pathways. Intrinsic differences among Wnt ligands and Frizzled (Fzd) receptors, and the availability of pathway-specific coreceptors, LRP5/6, and Ror2, affect pathway selection. Here, we show that a secreted glycoprotein, Cthrc1, is involved in selective activation of the planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway(More)
DNA methylation is a major epigenetic mechanism that has been suggested to control developmental gene regulation during embryogenesis, but its regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. In this report, we show that CpG islands associated with the X-linked homeobox gene cluster Rhox, which is highly expressed in the extraembryonic trophectoderm, are(More)
Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V)) is carcinogenic to the rat urinary bladder when administered at high doses in the diet or drinking water. At a dietary dose of 100 ppm (microg/g), it produces cytotoxicity within 6 h and increased proliferation (hyperplasia) by 7 days of administration. We hypothesize that formation of the reactive organic intermediate(More)
To elucidate the molecular basis of organizer functions in Xenopus, we sought the target genes of the LIM homeodomain protein Xlim-1, which is one of the organizer-specific transcriptional activators. We found that an activated form of Xlim-1, Xlim-1/3m, initiates ectopic expression of the head-inducing organizer factor gene cerberus in animal caps. Thus,(More)
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is involved in hepatocarcinogenesis, as well as in liver development and regeneration. This study investigated the correlation of HDGF expression with differentiation and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HDGF expression in 100 patients with HCC (81 men and 19 women) with ages ranging from 34 to 81 years(More)
Background: Valosin-containing protein (VCP; also known as p97) was shown to be associated with antiapoptosis and metastasis via activation of a nuclear factor-κB signaling pathway. Our previous study showed that the VCP expression level correlated with the disease recurrence rate and prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and gastric(More)
SUMMARY Rosai-Dorfman disease (sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy) rarely affects the intracranial region without involvement of other sites. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with isolated Rosai-Dorfman disease of the frontal dura. She presented with a new onset seizure. Initial MR imaging showed subtle mild change in the left frontal(More)
PURPOSE Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is a unique nuclear/growth factor and might play an important role in the development and progression of carcinomas. In the present study, association of HDGF expression with recurrence and prognosis of gastric carcinoma was examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS HDGF expression in 317 patients with gastric carcinoma(More)
PURPOSE Valosin-containing protein (VCP) has been shown to be associated with metastasis and prognosis in human cancers. In the present study, the correlation of VCP with recurrence and prognosis in patients with prostate cancer (PCA) receiving conservative therapy was examined. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN VCP expression was analyzed immunohistochemically in 136(More)