RATIONALE The prefrontal cortex is implicated in the pathophysiology of depression, and hypoactivity of this brain area has been found in depressed patients. Reduced function of the serotonergic and noradrenergic systems is another feature of depression. OBJECTIVES The present study was aimed at characterizing neurochemically and behaviorally the… (More)
Rasmussen syndrome is an intractable epilepsy with a putative causal relation with cellular and humoral autoimmunity. Almost half of the patients have some preceding causative factors, with infections found in 38.2%, vaccinations in 5.9% and head trauma in 8.9% of Japanese patients. In a patient with seizure onset after influenza A infections,… (More)
Ixodes persulcatus Schulze (I. persulcatus) is distributed in Russia and Far East Asia including Japan, and has been implicated as the vector of several human pathogens. In particular, I. persulcatus acts as the only tick vector for human lyme borreliosis in Japan. In order to elucidate the mechanism of transmission of I. persulcatus-borne pathogens, we… (More)
We have developed a coaxial-type holographic disk system with a small drive. We achieved stable operation without use of a vibration-isolating table, with a 91-Mbps data-transfer rate for recording and retrieving using LDPC code.
The static friction (stiction) of the molecularly thin films of an irregularly shaped molecule 1,3-dimethylbutyl octyl ether (DBOE) confined between mica surfaces was investigated using the surface forces apparatus. Stop-start experiments were carried out and the stiction spike was measured as a function of surface stopping (aging) time t and applied… (More)
The stiction properties of a star polyisoprene (PIP) melt (having 22 arms and an arm molecular weight of around 5000, M(w) ≈ 110,000) confined between mica surfaces were investigated using the surface forces apparatus. Stop-start experiments were carried out and the stiction spike was measured as a function of surface stopping (aging) time t and applied… (More)
Ab initio calculations were carried out for a benzyl-substituted iminium cation derived from (E)-crotonaldehyde and a chiral imidazolidinone that was developed as an organocatalyst by MacMillan et al. At the MP2 level of theory it is predicted that the phenyl group is close to the iminium moiety in the most stable conformer, suggesting that the cation-π… (More)
When liquid molecules are confined in a narrow gap between smooth surfaces, their dynamic properties are completely different from those of the bulk. The molecular motions are highly restricted and the system exhibits solid-like responses when sheared slowly. This solidification behavior is very dependent on the molecular geometry (shape) of liquids because… (More)