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To distinguish hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) from hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy (H-LVH) based on a morphological examination is often challenging. Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for several cardiovascular diseases. In patients with LVH, GDF-15 promises to be a useful biomarker to(More)
Despite current standards of care aimed at achieving targets for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), many patients remain at high residual risk of cardiovascular events. We sought to assess the LDL-C-dependent differences in culprit intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) morphologies and clinical characteristics in patients with acute coronary syndrome(More)
Thrombospondin-2 (TSP-2) is highly expressed in hypertensive heart. Interstitial fibrosis is frequently observed in hypertensive heart, and it is a characteristic feature of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We tested here the hypothesis that high TSP-2 serum levels reflect disease severity and can predict poor prognosis of patients(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor (statin) suppresses coronary spasm. BACKGROUND Coronary spasm is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Statins have been shown to improve endothelial function. METHODS This was a prospective, randomized, open-label, end point(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a major ligand for 2 members of the CD18 family of leukocyte integrin adhesion molecules and mediates adhesion between leukocytes and stimulated endothelial cells. We examined plasma soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) levels in 30 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) within 6 h of symptom onset, 21 patients(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to elucidate the correlation between angiographic coronary vasomotor responses to intracoronary acetylcholine (ACh) injection, clinical features, and long-term prognosis in patients with vasospastic angina (VSA). METHODS AND RESULTS This is a retrospective, observational, single-center study of 1877 consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study used iMap IVUS system to compare neointimal tissue components between DES and bare-metal stents (BMSs). BACKGROUND Drug-eluting stents (DESs) can cause impaired arterial healing, which constitutes the most important pathological substrate underlying late DES thrombosis. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-based tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Some plaques lead to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), whereas others cause non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). We used angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to investigate the difference of culprit lesion morphologies in ACS. METHODS Consecutive 158 ACS patients whose culprit lesions were(More)
BACKGROUND Angina without significant stenosis, or nonobstructive coronary artery disease, attracts clinical attention. Microvascular coronary artery spasm (microvascular CAS) can cause nonobstructive coronary artery disease. We investigated the clinical features of microvascular CAS and the therapeutic efficacy of calcium channel blockers. METHODS AND(More)