Shinji Tagami

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Surrogate markers for the Alzheimer disease (AD)-associated 42-amino acid form of amyloid-beta (Abeta42) have been sought because they may aid in the diagnosis of AD and for clarification of disease pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains three APLP1-derived Abeta-like peptides (APL1beta) that are generated by beta-(More)
γ-Secretase generates amyloid β-protein (Aβ), a pathogenic molecule in Alzheimer disease, through the intramembrane cleavage of the β-carboxyl-terminal fragment (βCTF) of β-amyloid precursor protein. We previously showed the framework of the γ-secretase cleavage, i.e. the stepwise successive processing of βCTF at every three (or four) amino acids. However,(More)
BACKGROUND The number of dementia patients has increased worldwide, with an estimated 13.7 million dementia patients in the Asia Pacific region alone. This number is expected to increase to 64.6 million by the year 2050. DISCUSSION As a result of advances in research, there several pharmacological therapies available for the treatment of dementia(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the KIBRA gene, rs17070145, was reported to be significantly associated with episodic memory in cognitively normal cohorts. This observation has expanded genetic studies on KIBRA to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Importantly, the association between KIBRA and episodic memory in AD has never been(More)
Recent reports have shown that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is relevant to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. Following the amyloid cascade hypothesis, we therefore attempted to investigate the effects of ER stress on amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) generation. In this study, we found that ER stress altered the localization of amyloid precursor(More)
Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL serve as critical inhibitors of apoptosis triggered by a broad range of stimuli, mainly acting on the mitochondria. We identified two members of the reticulon (RTN) family as Bcl-xL binding proteins, i.e., NSP-C (RTN1-C) and a new family member, RTN-xS, both of which did not belong to the Bcl-2 family and were predominantly localized on the(More)
The canonical pathway of Notch signaling is mediated by regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP). In the pathway, ligand binding results in sequential proteolysis of the Notch receptor, and presenilin (PS)-dependent intramembrane proteolysis at the interface between the membrane and cytosol liberates the Notch-1 intracellular domain (NICD), a transcription(More)
Intramembrane proteolysis by presenilin-dependent gamma-secretase produces the Notch intracellular cytoplasmic domain (NCID) and Alzheimer disease-associated amyloid-beta. Here, we show that upon Notch signaling the intracellular domain of Notch-1 is cleaved into two distinct types of NICD species due to diversity in the site of S3 cleavage. Consistent with(More)
OBJECTIVES Papassotiropoulos et al. (Science 314: p 475) discovered that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the KIBRA gene (rs17070145) was associated with delayed recall performance in Caucasians. KIBRA is highly expressed in the brain and kidneys, and is reported to be involved in synaptic plasticity. Therefore, we first tried to replicate the(More)
Deciphering the mechanism by which the relative Aβ42(43) to total Aβ ratio is regulated is central to understanding Alzheimer disease (AD) etiology; however, the mechanisms underlying changes in the Aβ42(43) ratio caused by familial mutations and γ-secretase modulators (GSMs) are unclear. Here, we show in vitro and in living cells that presenilin(More)