Shinji Shimizu

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In June of 2002, a revision to part of the Road Traffic Act drastically increased the penalties for drinking and driving offences in Japan. Most notably, the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit for driving was lowered from 0.05 mg/ml to 0.03 mg/ml. The rationale for the new lower BAC limit was predicated on the assumption that drinking drivers(More)
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the domestic violence in the families of alcoholics. We examined the actual state of domestic violence in alcoholics' families and compared this whith a national representative sample. The results are as follows: (1) Domestic violence in families of alcoholics is serious. (2) In such families, 63.5% of wives had been(More)
This article is the first survey report in Japan concerning the adult drinking behaviors and its overall alcohol-related problems based on a national representative sample. It deals with a wide range of alcohol topics such as frequency, volume, cultural aspects, social influence and its effect on individuals, both positive and negative as well as various(More)
PURPOSE The national representative sample was analyzed to examine the relationship between respondents' drinking practice and the social network which was constructed of three different types of network: support network, drinking network, and intervening network. METHOD Non-parametric statistical analysis was conducted with chi square method and ANOVA(More)
Borkenstein et al. (1974) study indicated that drivers with BACs of 0.05 to 0.09 per cent were twice as likely to crash as drivers with a zero BAC. Drivers with BACs from 0.10 to 0.14 per cent were ten times as likely to have a fatal crash in 1964. There have been numerous efforts during the history of motorized countries to control the consumption of(More)
Tobacco use, particularly smoking, remains the number one cause of preventable disease and mortality in Japan. This review of the tobacco control policy and public health is the first to offer a composite review of the subject within Japan. This review attempts to evaluate the most important aspects of the current political economy of the tobacco control(More)
In June of 2002, a revision to part of the Road Traffic Act drastically increased the penalties for drinking and driving offences. Most notably, the legal BAC limit for driving lowered from 0.05 mg/ml to 0.03 mg/ml. The rationale for the new lower BAC limit in Japan was predicated on the assumption that drinking drivers will comply with the new lower limit(More)
There are a number of factors that give traffic accidents and injuries a prominent position among public health agenda. Injuries, major public health challenge throughout the world and which account for 10% of global mortality, are often ignored as a major cause of death and may require innovative strategies to reduce their toll. Traffic accidents(More)
INTRODUCTION International studies have shown a significant association between alcohol availability and traffic crashes that involve alcohol-impaired drivers. A key limitation to previous alcohol availability and motor vehicle crash (MVC) evaluation research is the assumption of population homogeneity in responding to the policies. The present analysis(More)
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