Shinji Sakaue

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Gangliosides are known as modulators of transmembrane signaling by regulating various receptor functions. We have found that insulin resistance induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was accompanied by increased GM3 ganglioside expression caused by elevating GM3 synthase activity and its mRNA. We also demonstrated that(More)
Despite accumulating reports on the clinical value of 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the assessment of cardiac sarcoidosis, no studies have systematically compared the images of these modalities. Twenty-one consecutive patients with suspected cardiac sarcoidosis underwent cardiac(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been rediscovered as a proinflammatory cytokine, pituitary hormone, and glucocorticoid-induced immunoregulator. We have recently identified the expression of MIF in adipocytes and found that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha stimulates its secretion from 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Since adipocytes are regarded as a(More)
BACKGROUND The accuracy of echocardiographic parameters of right ventricular (RV) function has not been sufficiently validated in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether echocardiographic measurements reliably reflect RV systolic function in PH using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI)-derived RV(More)
AIMS To evaluate the value of (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG PET) in detecting cardiac sarcoidosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty-two patients with sarcoidosis and thirty controls were recruited. All subjects underwent cardiac (18)F-FDG PET after a 6 h fasting period, and subjects with sarcoidosis underwent blood testing,(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) stimulated insulin secretion from pancreatic islet beta-cells in an autocrine manner, which suggests its pivotal role in the glucose metabolism. According to this finding, we evaluated MIF expression in cultured adipocytes and epididymal fat pads of obese and diabetic rats to(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the association of promoter polymorphisms of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene with obesity. SUBJECTS In total, 213 nondiabetic Japanese subjects. They were divided into three groups according to World Health Organization definitions: lean (body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m2), overweight (25 < or = BMI < 30 kg/m2) and(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been rediscovered as a proinflammatory cytokine, pituitary hormone, and glucocorticoid-induced immunoregulator. A survey of tissue distribution revealed that MIF expression is not limited to T lymphocytes, but exists in several other tissues; however, its presence in adipose tissue has never been(More)
Glycosylation has an important role in regulating properties of proteins and is associated with many diseases. To examine the alteration of serum N-glycans in type 2 diabetes, we used the db/db mouse model. Serum N-glycans were fluorescence labeled and applied to HPLC. There were reproducible differences in N-glycan profiles between the db/db mouse model(More)
Although a hyperbolic relationship between insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity has been shown, the relationship has been often questioned. We examined the relationship using oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-derived indexes. A total of 374 Japanese subjects who had never been given a diagnosis of diabetes underwent a 75-g OGTT. In subjects with(More)