Shinji Okano

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver disease frequently undergo orthotopic liver transplantation, but recurrent hepatitis C is still a major cause of morbidity. Patients are treated with peg-interferon and ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV), which has substantial side effects and is costly. We investigated genetic factors of host,(More)
It is widely accepted that angiogenesis is required for tumor progression. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key molecule for tumor angiogenesis; however, its expressional regulation is not well understood during all stages of tumorigenesis. Using cell lines and surgical specimens of human non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), we here show that(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent angiogenic polypeptide that stimulates angiogenesis. Transcriptional regulation of HGF, however, has not been fully defined, with the exception of the hypoxia-mediated downregulation in cultured cells. In the present study, we report that angiogenic growth factors, including HGF, were upregulated in a murine model(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, mainly affects synovial joints. Although angiogenic growth factors, including fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), may play a critical role in the development and progression of RA joint disease, little information is now available(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The results of post-transplant antiviral therapy for recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) are poor, and significant pre-transplant predictors for sustained viral response (SVR) have not yet been identified. METHODS Pegylated interferon/ribavirin therapy was performed for more than 48 weeks in 50 patients who underwent liver transplantation(More)
An aberrant left hepatic artery, arising from the left gastric artery (LHLG), either as an accessory or replacing the left hepatic artery, is occasionally seen in patients with gastric cancer. Resection of LHLG, as part of the gastrectomy procedure, may cause liver dysfunction. The surgical records of a group of 141 patients who had undergone gastrectomy(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are widely expressed in immune cells and play a crucial role in many aspects of the immune response. Although some types of TLRs are also expressed in cancer cells, the effects and mechanisms of TLR signaling in cancer cells have not yet been fully elucidated. In the present study, we analyzed the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Despite our growing knowledge regarding the biology of S100 family proteins in cancers and internal diseases, limited data are available with their distribution in normal skin and in sweat gland tumors. OBJECTIVE To study the expression and distribution pattern of multiple S100 proteins in normal skin and in the tumors of sweat glands. (More)
BACKGROUND Liver ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a severe complication of liver surgery, and steatosis is a risk factor for liver damage. Reactive oxygen species generated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) contribute to liver dysfunction. Here we examined the role of NOX in I/R injury of fatty livers. METHODS Rats were fed(More)
BACKGROUND Natural killer T (NKT) cells play crucial roles in preventing autoimmune diseases and inducing transplantation tolerance. We investigated whether cyclosporin A (CsA), which is generally used in clinical transplantation and autoimmune disease therapy, could modulate the NKT cell activation induced by alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer)(More)